Comparison of FIM™ communication ratings for English versus non-English speakers in the traumatic brain injury model systems (TBIMS) national database

Anthony Lequerica, Denise Krch, Jean Lengenfelder, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, Flora Hammond, Therese M. Oneil-Pirozzi, Paul B. Perrin, Angelle M. Sander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the effect of primary language on admission and discharge FIM™ communication ratings in a sample of individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).Design and methods: Secondary data analysis of rehabilitation admission and discharge FIM™ communication ratings of 2795 individuals hospitalized at a Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems (TBIMS) centre between 2007-2012.Results: Individuals who spoke no English were rated worse on functional communication outcomes at inpatient rehabilitation discharge relative to individuals whose primary language was English.Conclusions: These findings may reflect systematic bias in FIM™ communication ratings of non-English-speaking individuals with TBI and/or TBI-induced communication difficulties in non-English-speaking individuals. Clinical and research implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1445-1451
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Injury
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2015

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Keywords

  • language
  • rehabilitation
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Lequerica, A., Krch, D., Lengenfelder, J., Chiaravalloti, N., Arango-Lasprilla, J. C., Hammond, F., Oneil-Pirozzi, T. M., Perrin, P. B., & Sander, A. M. (2015). Comparison of FIM™ communication ratings for English versus non-English speakers in the traumatic brain injury model systems (TBIMS) national database. Brain Injury, 29(12), 1445-1451. https://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2015.1075144