Comparison of immune responses to extracellular domains of mouse and human thyrotropin receptor

Sai A. Patibandla, Ji Lao Fan, Bellur S. Prabhakar, Gattadahalli S. Seetharamaiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The mouse and human thyrotropin receptors show greater than 87% homology in their amino acid sequences. However, glycosylated extracellular domains of mouse (mET-gp) and human (hET-gp) thyrotropin receptors showed differences in their ability to react with patient autoantibodies to thyrotropin receptor (TSHR). To test for potential differences in their immunogenicity, we immunized BALB/c mice with either gel pure non-glycosylated ectodomain of human TSHR (ETSHR II), or hET-gp (hET-gp III), or mET-gp (mET-gp III). Alternatively, mice were primed with gel pure hET-gp or mET-gp and subsequently immunized with insect cells expressing hET-gp (hET-gp II) or mET-gp (mET-gp II) respectively. All groups of mice immunized with TSHR developed high titers of antibodies against the respective immunogens. As shown earlier, sera obtained from mice immunized, with ETSHR showed strong reactivity to peptide 1 (aa 22-41) and weak reactivity to peptides 23 (aa 352-371), 24 (aa 367-386), 25 (aa 382-401), and 26 (aa 397-415). Mice immunized with hET-gp or mET-gp showed comparable titers to peptides 1 and 23 and lower reactivity to other peptides. Mice immunized with hET-gp showed higher TBII reactivity (52.2%) compared to mice immunized with either ETSHR (20.9%) or mET-gp (34.5%). Peptides from the C-terminal region of ETSHR could neutralize the TBII activities of sera from mice immunized with ETSHR or hET- gp but not mET-gp. Compared to corresponding control mice, T4 levels in mET- gp II mice were only marginally higher. These data suggested that outcome of immunization with mouse ETSHR is comparable to that seen after immunization with human ETSHR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-213
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Autoantibodies
  • Glycosylation
  • Graves' disease
  • Immunogenicity
  • Thyroiditis
  • Thyrotropin receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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