Silicone-gel breast implant rupture is difficult to diagnose preoperatively. A variety of radiological methods have been used for diagnosis. This study prospectively compares film-screen mammography, high- resolution sonography, and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of implant rupture using predetermined diagnostic criteria. Thirteen patients (24 implants) underwent film-screen mammography, sonography, and magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate the integrity of their implants. All patients subsequently underwent surgical removal of the implants. Preoperatively, the integrity of each implant was rated on a three-level classification system on the basis of one modality by a reviewer who was unaware of the results of the other two modalities. The three imaging modalities achieved the following sensitivities and specificities, respectively: mammography, 69% and 82%; sonography, 54% and 64%; MRI, 69% and 55%. Even though each modality addresses some of the limitations of the others, in this group of patients, there was no clearly superior imaging tool.
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