Comparison of periodontal disease status of adults in two untreated indigenous populations of Guatemala, Central America

S. A. Dowsett, G. J. Eckert, M. J. Kowolik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare the periodontal disease levels of two distinct indigenous populations of Guatemala, Central America, to determine whether differences exist. Material and methods: Cross-sectional studies were performed in adults from the communities of San Juan La Laguna, SJLL (n = 125) and Tzununa (n = 54). In both cases, full-mouth pocket probing depths (PPDs) and clinical attachment levels (CALs) were measured by a single examiner, and the same examiner was employed in both studies. Recession at each site was derived from PPD and CAL measures. Results: Tooth number did not differ significantly between SJLL and Tzununa (28.0 and 27.2, respectively). With respect to periodontal disease status, the percentage of sites with PPD ≥ 5, 6 and 7 mm did not differ significantly, although mean PPD was significantly greater in the Tzununa sample (P = 0.01). Mean CAL and percentage of sites with CAL ≥ 4, 5, 6 and 7 mm was significantly greater in SJLL than in Tzununa (P < 0.005) and the difference increased with age. Mean recession was also significantly greater in SJLL than Tzununa (P < 0.005), as was the percentage of sites with recession ≥ 3 mm (P = 0.02), 4 mm (P = 0.002) and 5 mm (P = 0.008). Conclusion: The disease levels differed between these two indigenous Guatemalan communities. Whether this has a primarily environmental or genetic basis remains to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-787
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

Keywords

  • Chronic periodontitis
  • Clinical attachment level
  • Guatemala
  • Pocket probing depth
  • Populations
  • Recession

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of periodontal disease status of adults in two untreated indigenous populations of Guatemala, Central America'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this