Previous studies have demonstrated that optimal reversal of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) resistance requires complete inactivation of the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) for at least 24 h following BCNU administration. In preparation for clinical trials at this institution, this study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of a conventional single-bolus dose versus double-bolus dose treatments with O6-benzylguanine (BG) in depleting MGMT activity in vivo. In xenograft human glioma SF767 tumors, a single 30-mg/kg bolus dose of BG completely inhibited MGMT activity for at least 8 h, but approximately 50% of the basal MGMT activity recovered within 24 h. To sustain the MGMT depletion for 24 h, a second bolus injection of BG at escalating doses was administered 8 h after the first dose. Second bolus doses of 5, 10, and 15 mg/kg BG attenuated the MGMT recovery in a dose-dependent manner compared with the single 30-mg/kg BG dose alone. When the 15-mg/kg BG dose was administered 8 h after the 30-mg/kg initial dose, MGMT activity was completely inactivated in the tumor xenografts for 24 h. This double-bolus BG treatment also depleted MGMT activity in normal murine tissues, including the liver, kidney, lung, brain, spleen, and bone marrow; and the kinetics of MGMT recovery varied among these tissues. When combined with BCNU treatment, the double-bolus BG treatment would be expected to produce greater antitumor activity in future trials than the conventional single-bolus BG treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine