Background: This study evaluated closure techniques and incisional surgical site complications (SSCs) and incisional surgical site infections (SSIs) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Methods: Retrospective review of open PDs from 2015 to 2018 was performed. Outcomes were compared among closure techniques (subcuticular + topical skin adhesive (TSA); staples; subcuticular only). SSCs were defined as abscess, cellulitis, seroma, or fat necrosis. SSIs were defined according to the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). Results: Patients with subcuticular + TSA (n = 205) were less likely to develop an incisional SSC (9.8%) compared to staples (n = 139) (20.1%) and subcuticular (n = 74) (16.2%) on univariable analysis (P = 0.024). Multivariable analysis revealed no statistically significant difference in incisional SSC between subcuticular + TSA and subcuticular (P = 0.528); a significant difference remained between subcuticular + TSA and staples (P = 0.014). Unadjusted median length of stay (LOS) (days) was significantly longer for staples (9) vs. subcuticular (8) vs. subcuticular + TSA (7); P < 0.001. Incisional SSIs were evaluated separately according to the NSQIP definition. When comparing rates, the subcuticular + TSA group experienced lower incisional SSIs compared to the other two techniques (4.9% vs. 10.1%, 10.8%). However, this difference was not statistically significant by either univariable or multivariable analysis. Conclusions: Subcuticular suture + TSA reduces the risk of incisional SSCs when compared to staples alone after pancreaticoduodenectomy.
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