Comparison of the effects of 2‐deoxyglucose and immobilization on secretion and synthesis rate of catecholamines in the adrenal gland: a microdialysis study in conscious rats

A. I. KUZMIN, V. M. POGORELOV, D. V. ZARETSKY, O. S. MEDVEDEV, E. I. CHAZOV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using microdialysis, extracellular 3,4‐dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (AD) concentrations in the adrenal gland were monitored in conscious rats during and after 60 min of immobilization (IMM) as well as after injection of 500 mg kg‐1 2‐deoxyglucose (2‐DG). IMM produced a rapid and transient increase in secretion of AD (20‐fold), NA (13‐fold) and DOPA (3.6‐fold). This was accompanied by an increase in blood pressure (+ 18 mmHg) and heart rate (‐ 146 b. p.m.). Repeated exposure to IMM (daily 60 min, for 5 days) had no influence on either catecholamine secretion of haemodynamic profiles, indicating the lack of habituation to stressful conditions. Unlike IMM, the stress of 2‐DG‐induced centralneuroglucopenia stimulated the release of AD without affecting NA secretion. AD levels peaked (5.1‐fold increase) 4&60 min after 2‐DG injection and then slowly declined. 2‐DG induced no changes in blood pressure but reduced the heart rate (‐48 b. p.m.). In separate experiments, steady‐state dialysate DOPA levels, reached during continuous infusion of decarboxylase inhibitor NSD 1015 into adrenal gland tissue through the dialysis probe, served as an index of adrenomedullary tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity. IMM evoked a marked increase in TH activity (DOPA formation increased 2.7‐fold), which remained elevated 60 min after the cessation of stress when AD and NA secretion had already fallen to baseline. After 2‐DG, despite significant hormonal response, adrenal TH activity was unchanged. These results give clear evidence that IMM and 2‐DG‐induced neuroglucopenia may be considered as two different types of stressful stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalActa Physiologica Scandinavica
Volume155
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adrenal gland
  • catecholamine secretion
  • catecholamine synthesis rate
  • haemodynamics
  • microdialysis
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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