Intraluminal transmission of bacteria remains a significant factor in the morbidity and procedural success of CAPD. A worsening rate of peritonitis in a longstanding CAPD program (first patients 1978) led to a search for a system which might allow a lesser rate of peritonitis. Simplicity in the procedure was a requirement. For this reason disconnect systems were not considered. The Travenol spike system was prospectively compared with Delmed leur lock in terms of rate of peritonitis and difficulty in training. The former had been used by the center since inception of the CAPD program. 28 patients new to CAPD were alternately assigned to each system without other bias, including diagnosis, age, sex, or race. The study, while ongoing, was analyzed at 12 months. 66 patient months were involved with each system. The peritonitis rates were: 2.2 episodes: patient year with the Travenol; 0.9 episode:patient year for the Delmed systems. The Delmed system appears to provide a lower rate of peritonitis. In addition, less manual dexterity, steadiness, and hand eye coordination are necessary.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis|
|State||Published - 1989|
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