Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy

Martin L. Freeman, Douglas B. Nelson, Stuart Sherman, Gregory B. Haber, Mary E. Herman, Paul J. Dorsher, Joseph P. Moore, M. Brian Fennerty, Michael E. Ryan, Michael J. Shaw, Jeffrey D. Lande, Alfred M. Pheley, Robert D. Mackie, Joanne C. Imperial, Stephen E. Silvis, Paul P. Kortan, William B. Silverman, John T. Cunningham, James A. DiSario, Priya A. Jamidar & 2 others Paul N. Yakshe, George M. Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1852 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Endoscopic sphincterotomy is commonly used to remove bile- duct stones and to treat other problems. We prospectively investigated risk factors for complications of this procedure and their outcomes. Methods: We studied complications that occurred within 30 days of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy in consecutive patients treated at 17 institutions in the United States and Canada from 1992 through 1994. Results: Of 2347 patients, 229 (9.8 percent) had a complication, including pancreatitis in 127 (5.4 percent) and hemorrhage in 48 (2.0 percent). There were 55 deaths from all causes within 30 days; death was directly or indirectly related to the procedure in 10 cases. Of five significant risk factors for complications identified in a multivariate analysis, two were characteristics of the patients (suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi as an indication for the procedure and the presence of cirrhosis) and three were related to the endoscopic technique (difficulty in cannulating the bile duct, achievement of access to the bile duct by 'precut' sphincterotomy, and use of a combined percutaneous-endoscopic procedure). The overall risk of complications was not related to the patient's age, the number of coexisting illnesses, or the diameter of the bile duct. The rate of complications was highest when the indication for the procedure was suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi (21.7 percent) and lowest when the indication was removal of bile-duct stones within 30 days of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4.9 percent). As compared with those who performed fewer procedures, endoscopists who performed more than one sphincterotomy per week had lower rates of complications (8.4 percent vs. 11.1 percent, P=0.03). Conclusions: The rate of complications after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy can vary widely in different circumstances and is primarily related to the indication for the procedure and to endoscopic technique, rather than to the age or general medical condition of the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)909-918
Number of pages10
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume335
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 1996

Fingerprint

Endoscopic Sphincterotomy
Bile Ducts
Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Pancreatitis
Canada
Cause of Death
Fibrosis
Multivariate Analysis
Hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Freeman, M. L., Nelson, D. B., Sherman, S., Haber, G. B., Herman, M. E., Dorsher, P. J., ... Logan, G. M. (1996). Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. New England Journal of Medicine, 335(13), 909-918. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199609263351301

Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. / Freeman, Martin L.; Nelson, Douglas B.; Sherman, Stuart; Haber, Gregory B.; Herman, Mary E.; Dorsher, Paul J.; Moore, Joseph P.; Fennerty, M. Brian; Ryan, Michael E.; Shaw, Michael J.; Lande, Jeffrey D.; Pheley, Alfred M.; Mackie, Robert D.; Imperial, Joanne C.; Silvis, Stephen E.; Kortan, Paul P.; Silverman, William B.; Cunningham, John T.; DiSario, James A.; Jamidar, Priya A.; Yakshe, Paul N.; Logan, George M.

In: New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 335, No. 13, 26.09.1996, p. 909-918.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Freeman, ML, Nelson, DB, Sherman, S, Haber, GB, Herman, ME, Dorsher, PJ, Moore, JP, Fennerty, MB, Ryan, ME, Shaw, MJ, Lande, JD, Pheley, AM, Mackie, RD, Imperial, JC, Silvis, SE, Kortan, PP, Silverman, WB, Cunningham, JT, DiSario, JA, Jamidar, PA, Yakshe, PN & Logan, GM 1996, 'Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 335, no. 13, pp. 909-918. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199609263351301
Freeman ML, Nelson DB, Sherman S, Haber GB, Herman ME, Dorsher PJ et al. Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. New England Journal of Medicine. 1996 Sep 26;335(13):909-918. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199609263351301
Freeman, Martin L. ; Nelson, Douglas B. ; Sherman, Stuart ; Haber, Gregory B. ; Herman, Mary E. ; Dorsher, Paul J. ; Moore, Joseph P. ; Fennerty, M. Brian ; Ryan, Michael E. ; Shaw, Michael J. ; Lande, Jeffrey D. ; Pheley, Alfred M. ; Mackie, Robert D. ; Imperial, Joanne C. ; Silvis, Stephen E. ; Kortan, Paul P. ; Silverman, William B. ; Cunningham, John T. ; DiSario, James A. ; Jamidar, Priya A. ; Yakshe, Paul N. ; Logan, George M. / Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy. In: New England Journal of Medicine. 1996 ; Vol. 335, No. 13. pp. 909-918.
@article{2a887120115842e6aef2c3933cfb9e7e,
title = "Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy",
abstract = "Background: Endoscopic sphincterotomy is commonly used to remove bile- duct stones and to treat other problems. We prospectively investigated risk factors for complications of this procedure and their outcomes. Methods: We studied complications that occurred within 30 days of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy in consecutive patients treated at 17 institutions in the United States and Canada from 1992 through 1994. Results: Of 2347 patients, 229 (9.8 percent) had a complication, including pancreatitis in 127 (5.4 percent) and hemorrhage in 48 (2.0 percent). There were 55 deaths from all causes within 30 days; death was directly or indirectly related to the procedure in 10 cases. Of five significant risk factors for complications identified in a multivariate analysis, two were characteristics of the patients (suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi as an indication for the procedure and the presence of cirrhosis) and three were related to the endoscopic technique (difficulty in cannulating the bile duct, achievement of access to the bile duct by 'precut' sphincterotomy, and use of a combined percutaneous-endoscopic procedure). The overall risk of complications was not related to the patient's age, the number of coexisting illnesses, or the diameter of the bile duct. The rate of complications was highest when the indication for the procedure was suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi (21.7 percent) and lowest when the indication was removal of bile-duct stones within 30 days of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4.9 percent). As compared with those who performed fewer procedures, endoscopists who performed more than one sphincterotomy per week had lower rates of complications (8.4 percent vs. 11.1 percent, P=0.03). Conclusions: The rate of complications after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy can vary widely in different circumstances and is primarily related to the indication for the procedure and to endoscopic technique, rather than to the age or general medical condition of the patient.",
author = "Freeman, {Martin L.} and Nelson, {Douglas B.} and Stuart Sherman and Haber, {Gregory B.} and Herman, {Mary E.} and Dorsher, {Paul J.} and Moore, {Joseph P.} and Fennerty, {M. Brian} and Ryan, {Michael E.} and Shaw, {Michael J.} and Lande, {Jeffrey D.} and Pheley, {Alfred M.} and Mackie, {Robert D.} and Imperial, {Joanne C.} and Silvis, {Stephen E.} and Kortan, {Paul P.} and Silverman, {William B.} and Cunningham, {John T.} and DiSario, {James A.} and Jamidar, {Priya A.} and Yakshe, {Paul N.} and Logan, {George M.}",
year = "1996",
month = "9",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1056/NEJM199609263351301",
language = "English",
volume = "335",
pages = "909--918",
journal = "New England Journal of Medicine",
issn = "0028-4793",
publisher = "Massachussetts Medical Society",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Complications of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy

AU - Freeman, Martin L.

AU - Nelson, Douglas B.

AU - Sherman, Stuart

AU - Haber, Gregory B.

AU - Herman, Mary E.

AU - Dorsher, Paul J.

AU - Moore, Joseph P.

AU - Fennerty, M. Brian

AU - Ryan, Michael E.

AU - Shaw, Michael J.

AU - Lande, Jeffrey D.

AU - Pheley, Alfred M.

AU - Mackie, Robert D.

AU - Imperial, Joanne C.

AU - Silvis, Stephen E.

AU - Kortan, Paul P.

AU - Silverman, William B.

AU - Cunningham, John T.

AU - DiSario, James A.

AU - Jamidar, Priya A.

AU - Yakshe, Paul N.

AU - Logan, George M.

PY - 1996/9/26

Y1 - 1996/9/26

N2 - Background: Endoscopic sphincterotomy is commonly used to remove bile- duct stones and to treat other problems. We prospectively investigated risk factors for complications of this procedure and their outcomes. Methods: We studied complications that occurred within 30 days of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy in consecutive patients treated at 17 institutions in the United States and Canada from 1992 through 1994. Results: Of 2347 patients, 229 (9.8 percent) had a complication, including pancreatitis in 127 (5.4 percent) and hemorrhage in 48 (2.0 percent). There were 55 deaths from all causes within 30 days; death was directly or indirectly related to the procedure in 10 cases. Of five significant risk factors for complications identified in a multivariate analysis, two were characteristics of the patients (suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi as an indication for the procedure and the presence of cirrhosis) and three were related to the endoscopic technique (difficulty in cannulating the bile duct, achievement of access to the bile duct by 'precut' sphincterotomy, and use of a combined percutaneous-endoscopic procedure). The overall risk of complications was not related to the patient's age, the number of coexisting illnesses, or the diameter of the bile duct. The rate of complications was highest when the indication for the procedure was suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi (21.7 percent) and lowest when the indication was removal of bile-duct stones within 30 days of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4.9 percent). As compared with those who performed fewer procedures, endoscopists who performed more than one sphincterotomy per week had lower rates of complications (8.4 percent vs. 11.1 percent, P=0.03). Conclusions: The rate of complications after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy can vary widely in different circumstances and is primarily related to the indication for the procedure and to endoscopic technique, rather than to the age or general medical condition of the patient.

AB - Background: Endoscopic sphincterotomy is commonly used to remove bile- duct stones and to treat other problems. We prospectively investigated risk factors for complications of this procedure and their outcomes. Methods: We studied complications that occurred within 30 days of endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy in consecutive patients treated at 17 institutions in the United States and Canada from 1992 through 1994. Results: Of 2347 patients, 229 (9.8 percent) had a complication, including pancreatitis in 127 (5.4 percent) and hemorrhage in 48 (2.0 percent). There were 55 deaths from all causes within 30 days; death was directly or indirectly related to the procedure in 10 cases. Of five significant risk factors for complications identified in a multivariate analysis, two were characteristics of the patients (suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi as an indication for the procedure and the presence of cirrhosis) and three were related to the endoscopic technique (difficulty in cannulating the bile duct, achievement of access to the bile duct by 'precut' sphincterotomy, and use of a combined percutaneous-endoscopic procedure). The overall risk of complications was not related to the patient's age, the number of coexisting illnesses, or the diameter of the bile duct. The rate of complications was highest when the indication for the procedure was suspected dysfunction of the sphincter of Oddi (21.7 percent) and lowest when the indication was removal of bile-duct stones within 30 days of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4.9 percent). As compared with those who performed fewer procedures, endoscopists who performed more than one sphincterotomy per week had lower rates of complications (8.4 percent vs. 11.1 percent, P=0.03). Conclusions: The rate of complications after endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy can vary widely in different circumstances and is primarily related to the indication for the procedure and to endoscopic technique, rather than to the age or general medical condition of the patient.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0345591616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0345591616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1056/NEJM199609263351301

DO - 10.1056/NEJM199609263351301

M3 - Article

VL - 335

SP - 909

EP - 918

JO - New England Journal of Medicine

JF - New England Journal of Medicine

SN - 0028-4793

IS - 13

ER -