Comprehension of multimedia health information among older adults with chronic illness

Dan Morrow, Laura D'Andrea, Elisabeth A L Stine-Morrow, Matthew Shake, Sven Bertel, Jessie Chin, Katie Kopren, Xuefei Gao, Thembi Conner-Garcia, James Graumlich, Michael Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors explored knowledge effects on comprehension of multimedia health information by older adults (age 60 or older). Participants viewed passages about hypertension, with text accompanied by relevant and irrelevant pictures, and then answered questions about the passage. Fixations on text and pictures were measured by eye-tracking. Participants with more knowledge of hypertension understood the passages better. This advantage was related to how they processed the passages: while knowledge differences were unrelated to overall time viewing displays, relationships between allocation and knowledge emerged when the data were partitioned into phases (during and after first reading the text). More knowledgeable participants spent relatively more time fixating text than pictures during the first pass. After this pass, they spent more time viewing the relevant picture rather than re-reading, with some evidence that this strategy was associated with comprehension. The findings have implications for designing multimedia education materials and analyzing eye-tracking measures during multimedia learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-362
Number of pages16
JournalVisual Communication
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

health information
chronic illness
multimedia
comprehension
Education
Display devices
Health
hypertension
Multimedia
Chronic Illness
learning
evidence
time
education
Hypertension

Keywords

  • aging
  • attention
  • comprehension
  • eye-tracking
  • health education
  • knowledge
  • multimedia
  • visual cognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Cite this

Morrow, D., D'Andrea, L., Stine-Morrow, E. A. L., Shake, M., Bertel, S., Chin, J., ... Murray, M. (2012). Comprehension of multimedia health information among older adults with chronic illness. Visual Communication, 11(3), 347-362. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357212446413

Comprehension of multimedia health information among older adults with chronic illness. / Morrow, Dan; D'Andrea, Laura; Stine-Morrow, Elisabeth A L; Shake, Matthew; Bertel, Sven; Chin, Jessie; Kopren, Katie; Gao, Xuefei; Conner-Garcia, Thembi; Graumlich, James; Murray, Michael.

In: Visual Communication, Vol. 11, No. 3, 08.2012, p. 347-362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morrow, D, D'Andrea, L, Stine-Morrow, EAL, Shake, M, Bertel, S, Chin, J, Kopren, K, Gao, X, Conner-Garcia, T, Graumlich, J & Murray, M 2012, 'Comprehension of multimedia health information among older adults with chronic illness', Visual Communication, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 347-362. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357212446413
Morrow D, D'Andrea L, Stine-Morrow EAL, Shake M, Bertel S, Chin J et al. Comprehension of multimedia health information among older adults with chronic illness. Visual Communication. 2012 Aug;11(3):347-362. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357212446413
Morrow, Dan ; D'Andrea, Laura ; Stine-Morrow, Elisabeth A L ; Shake, Matthew ; Bertel, Sven ; Chin, Jessie ; Kopren, Katie ; Gao, Xuefei ; Conner-Garcia, Thembi ; Graumlich, James ; Murray, Michael. / Comprehension of multimedia health information among older adults with chronic illness. In: Visual Communication. 2012 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 347-362.
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