Computed tomography-based diagnosis of diffuse compensatory enlargement of coronary arteries using scaling power laws

Yunlong Huo, Jenny Susana Choy, Thomas Wischgoll, Tong Luo, Shawn D. Teague, Deepak L. Bhatt, Ghassan S. Kassab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glagov's positive remodelling in the early stages of coronary atherosclerosis often results in plaque rupture and acute events. Because positive remodelling is generally diffused along the epicardial coronary arterial tree, it is difficult to diagnose non-invasively. Hence, the objective of the study is to assess the use of scaling power law for the diagnosis of positive remodelling of coronary arteries based on computed tomography (CT) images. Epicardial coronary arterial trees were reconstructed from CT scans of six Ossabaw pigs fed on a high-fat, high-cholesterol, atherogenic diet for eight months as well as the same number of body-weight-matched farm pigs fed on a lean chow (101.9±16.1 versus 91.5±13.1 kg). The high-fat diet Ossabaw pig model showed diffuse positive remodelling of epicardial coronary arteries. Good fit of measured coronary data to the length-volume scaling power law (Lc = KLVVc7/9; where L c and Vc are crown length and volume) were found for both the high-fat and control groups (R2 = 0.95±0.04 and 0.99±0.01, respectively). The coefficient, KLV, decreased significantly in the high-fat diet group when compared with the control (14.6±2.6 versus 40.9±5.6). The flow-length scaling power law, however, was nearly unaffected by the positive remodelling. The length-volume and flow-length scaling power laws were preserved in epicardial coronary arterial trees after positive remodelling. KLV < 18 in the length-volume scaling relation is a good index of positive remodelling of coronary arteries. These findings provide a clinical rationale for simple, accurate and non-invasive diagnosis of positive remodelling of coronary arteries, using conventional CT scans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20121015
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume10
Issue number81
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2013

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Oils and fats
Tomography
Coronary Vessels
Nutrition
Fats
Swine
High Fat Diet
Atherogenic Diet
Cholesterol
Crowns
Farms
Coronary Artery Disease
Rupture
Body Weight
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Coronary compensatory enlargement
  • Scaling power law

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Computed tomography-based diagnosis of diffuse compensatory enlargement of coronary arteries using scaling power laws. / Huo, Yunlong; Choy, Jenny Susana; Wischgoll, Thomas; Luo, Tong; Teague, Shawn D.; Bhatt, Deepak L.; Kassab, Ghassan S.

In: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Vol. 10, No. 81, 20121015, 06.04.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huo, Yunlong ; Choy, Jenny Susana ; Wischgoll, Thomas ; Luo, Tong ; Teague, Shawn D. ; Bhatt, Deepak L. ; Kassab, Ghassan S. / Computed tomography-based diagnosis of diffuse compensatory enlargement of coronary arteries using scaling power laws. In: Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 2013 ; Vol. 10, No. 81.
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AB - Glagov's positive remodelling in the early stages of coronary atherosclerosis often results in plaque rupture and acute events. Because positive remodelling is generally diffused along the epicardial coronary arterial tree, it is difficult to diagnose non-invasively. Hence, the objective of the study is to assess the use of scaling power law for the diagnosis of positive remodelling of coronary arteries based on computed tomography (CT) images. Epicardial coronary arterial trees were reconstructed from CT scans of six Ossabaw pigs fed on a high-fat, high-cholesterol, atherogenic diet for eight months as well as the same number of body-weight-matched farm pigs fed on a lean chow (101.9±16.1 versus 91.5±13.1 kg). The high-fat diet Ossabaw pig model showed diffuse positive remodelling of epicardial coronary arteries. Good fit of measured coronary data to the length-volume scaling power law (Lc = KLVVc7/9; where L c and Vc are crown length and volume) were found for both the high-fat and control groups (R2 = 0.95±0.04 and 0.99±0.01, respectively). The coefficient, KLV, decreased significantly in the high-fat diet group when compared with the control (14.6±2.6 versus 40.9±5.6). The flow-length scaling power law, however, was nearly unaffected by the positive remodelling. The length-volume and flow-length scaling power laws were preserved in epicardial coronary arterial trees after positive remodelling. KLV < 18 in the length-volume scaling relation is a good index of positive remodelling of coronary arteries. These findings provide a clinical rationale for simple, accurate and non-invasive diagnosis of positive remodelling of coronary arteries, using conventional CT scans.

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