Computer decision support to improve autism screening and care in community pediatric clinics

Nerissa S. Bauer, Lynne A. Sturm, Aaron E. Carroll, Stephen M. Downs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

An autism module was added to an existing computer decision support system (CDSS) to facilitate adherence to recommended guidelines for screening for autism spectrum disorders in primary care pediatric clinics. User satisfaction was assessed by survey and informal feedback at monthly meetings between clinical staff and the software team. To assess outcomes, such as changes in identification and referrals, we reviewed data captured from the CDSS. Between November 15, 2010 and July 26, 2012, 857 patients were eligible for screening. Of these, 66% (567/857) were screened as determined by the number of forms scanned into the system, of which 30% (171/567) had concerning Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. However, pediatricians failed to respond to alerts for 73 children. Of the remaining 98 children, pediatricians felt 50 (68%) did not have an Autism spectrum disorder, 23 (32%) were referred for autism evaluation, eight (11%) were suspected but not referred and two (3%) were referred for audiology. Seventy percent of all users agreed that automation of the screening process helped them to adhere to recommended guidelines. Automating autism care into a CDSS resulted in moderate adherence to guidelines. Health information technology can facilitate the implementation of autism guidelines in busy pediatric clinics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-317
Number of pages12
JournalInfants and Young Children
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

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Keywords

  • access and evaluation
  • autism
  • computerized
  • health care quality
  • medical informatics
  • medical record systems
  • primary health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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