Concept formation skills in long-term cochlear implant users

Irina Castellanos, William Kronenberger, Jessica Beer, Bethany G. Colson, Shirley C. Henning, Allison Ditmars, David Pisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated if a period of auditory sensory deprivation followed by degraded auditory input and related language delays affects visual concept formation skills in long-term prelingually deaf cochlear implant (CI) users. We also examined if concept formation skills are mediated or moderated by other neurocognitive domains (i.e., language, working memory, and executive control). Relative to normally hearing (NH) peers, CI users displayed significantly poorer performance in several specific areas of concept formation, especially when multiple comparisons and relational concepts were components of the task. Differences in concept formation between CI users and NH peers were fully explained by differences in language and inhibition-concentration skills. Language skills were also found to be more strongly related to concept formation in CI users than in NH peers. The present findings suggest that complex relational concepts may be adversely affected by a period of early prelingual deafness followed by access to underspecified and degraded sound patterns and spoken language transmitted by a CI. Investigating a unique clinical population such as early-implanted prelingually deaf children with CIs can provide new insights into foundational brain-behavior relations and developmental processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberenu039
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Concept Formation
concept formation
Cochlear Implants
Language
Hearing
language
Sensory Deprivation
Language Development Disorders
deafness
Executive Function
Deafness
spoken language
Short-Term Memory
deprivation
brain
Brain
Population
performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Concept formation skills in long-term cochlear implant users. / Castellanos, Irina; Kronenberger, William; Beer, Jessica; Colson, Bethany G.; Henning, Shirley C.; Ditmars, Allison; Pisoni, David.

In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol. 20, No. 1, enu039, 01.01.2015, p. 27-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Castellanos, Irina ; Kronenberger, William ; Beer, Jessica ; Colson, Bethany G. ; Henning, Shirley C. ; Ditmars, Allison ; Pisoni, David. / Concept formation skills in long-term cochlear implant users. In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. 2015 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 27-40.
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