Concerted regulation of low density lipoprotein receptor gene expression by follicle-stimulating hornone and insulin-like growth factor I in porcine granulosa cells: Promoter activation, messenger ribonucleic acid stability, and sterol feedback

Holly A. LaVoie, James C. Garmey, Richard Day, Johannes D. Veldhuis

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37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and the gonadotropin, FSH, can synergize to stimulate progesterone production in primary cultures of maturing granulosa cells. These trophic hormones increase low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding and internalization, and the utilization of LDL-borne cholesterol by granulosa cells. To determine whether and how IGF-I and FSH control the genomic expression of the LDL receptor, we evaluated their individual and concerted effects on LDL receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) accumulation, stability, and gene promoter activity in first passage monolayer (serum-free) cultures of porcine granulosa cells. Ribonuclease protection assays revealed that LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was increased by human recombinant IGF-I (100 ng/ml), FSH (25 ng/ml NIDDK oFSH-20), or their combination by 2.2-, 2.6-, and 4.6-fold, respectively (P <0.01). Hormonally stimulated LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was suppressed by 54-75% by the concurrent addition of LDL substrate (50 μg/ml). The combination of FSH and IGF-I significantly prolonged the message half-life, even in the presence of LDL. Using a combination of rapid amplification of cDNA 5'-ends, PCR with adapter-ligated genomic DNA, Southern hybridization, and DNA sequencing, we isolated 1076 bp of the porcine LDL receptor gene upstream of the coding region. In transient transfection assays, with a pLDLR1076/luciferase plasmid construct, FSH, FSH plus IGF-I, or 8-bromo-cAMP (1 mM) treatment (but not IGF-I alone) increased luciferase reporter gene activity by 10- to 23-fold in porcine granulosa cells. Over time in serum- free culture, the basal activity of the LDL receptor gene promoter increased and eventually surpassed hormone-stimulated effects, but was suppressed by LDL substrate (by 75%) at 24 h. The foregoing stimulatory hormone effects and sterol repression were localized to a 116-bp region in the porcine promoter between -255 and -139 upstream of the translational start site. We conclude that the combination of FSH and IGF-I can induce accumulation of LDL receptor mRNA in cultured granulosa cells even in the presence of sterol negative feedback and can do so mechanistically by a combination of promoter activation and increased mRNA stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)178-186
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrinology
Volume140
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

LDL Receptors
Granulosa Cells
Sterols
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Swine
RNA
Gene Expression
Messenger RNA
LDL Lipoproteins
RNA Stability
Hormones
Luciferases
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U.S.)
Genes
8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate
Ribonucleases
Serum
Gonadotropins
DNA Sequence Analysis
Reporter Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

@article{0510b90dfbce427ab1d5cfdcfc6b0485,
title = "Concerted regulation of low density lipoprotein receptor gene expression by follicle-stimulating hornone and insulin-like growth factor I in porcine granulosa cells: Promoter activation, messenger ribonucleic acid stability, and sterol feedback",
abstract = "Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and the gonadotropin, FSH, can synergize to stimulate progesterone production in primary cultures of maturing granulosa cells. These trophic hormones increase low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding and internalization, and the utilization of LDL-borne cholesterol by granulosa cells. To determine whether and how IGF-I and FSH control the genomic expression of the LDL receptor, we evaluated their individual and concerted effects on LDL receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) accumulation, stability, and gene promoter activity in first passage monolayer (serum-free) cultures of porcine granulosa cells. Ribonuclease protection assays revealed that LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was increased by human recombinant IGF-I (100 ng/ml), FSH (25 ng/ml NIDDK oFSH-20), or their combination by 2.2-, 2.6-, and 4.6-fold, respectively (P <0.01). Hormonally stimulated LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was suppressed by 54-75{\%} by the concurrent addition of LDL substrate (50 μg/ml). The combination of FSH and IGF-I significantly prolonged the message half-life, even in the presence of LDL. Using a combination of rapid amplification of cDNA 5'-ends, PCR with adapter-ligated genomic DNA, Southern hybridization, and DNA sequencing, we isolated 1076 bp of the porcine LDL receptor gene upstream of the coding region. In transient transfection assays, with a pLDLR1076/luciferase plasmid construct, FSH, FSH plus IGF-I, or 8-bromo-cAMP (1 mM) treatment (but not IGF-I alone) increased luciferase reporter gene activity by 10- to 23-fold in porcine granulosa cells. Over time in serum- free culture, the basal activity of the LDL receptor gene promoter increased and eventually surpassed hormone-stimulated effects, but was suppressed by LDL substrate (by 75{\%}) at 24 h. The foregoing stimulatory hormone effects and sterol repression were localized to a 116-bp region in the porcine promoter between -255 and -139 upstream of the translational start site. We conclude that the combination of FSH and IGF-I can induce accumulation of LDL receptor mRNA in cultured granulosa cells even in the presence of sterol negative feedback and can do so mechanistically by a combination of promoter activation and increased mRNA stability.",
author = "LaVoie, {Holly A.} and Garmey, {James C.} and Richard Day and Veldhuis, {Johannes D.}",
year = "1999",
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language = "English (US)",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Concerted regulation of low density lipoprotein receptor gene expression by follicle-stimulating hornone and insulin-like growth factor I in porcine granulosa cells

T2 - Promoter activation, messenger ribonucleic acid stability, and sterol feedback

AU - LaVoie, Holly A.

AU - Garmey, James C.

AU - Day, Richard

AU - Veldhuis, Johannes D.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and the gonadotropin, FSH, can synergize to stimulate progesterone production in primary cultures of maturing granulosa cells. These trophic hormones increase low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding and internalization, and the utilization of LDL-borne cholesterol by granulosa cells. To determine whether and how IGF-I and FSH control the genomic expression of the LDL receptor, we evaluated their individual and concerted effects on LDL receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) accumulation, stability, and gene promoter activity in first passage monolayer (serum-free) cultures of porcine granulosa cells. Ribonuclease protection assays revealed that LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was increased by human recombinant IGF-I (100 ng/ml), FSH (25 ng/ml NIDDK oFSH-20), or their combination by 2.2-, 2.6-, and 4.6-fold, respectively (P <0.01). Hormonally stimulated LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was suppressed by 54-75% by the concurrent addition of LDL substrate (50 μg/ml). The combination of FSH and IGF-I significantly prolonged the message half-life, even in the presence of LDL. Using a combination of rapid amplification of cDNA 5'-ends, PCR with adapter-ligated genomic DNA, Southern hybridization, and DNA sequencing, we isolated 1076 bp of the porcine LDL receptor gene upstream of the coding region. In transient transfection assays, with a pLDLR1076/luciferase plasmid construct, FSH, FSH plus IGF-I, or 8-bromo-cAMP (1 mM) treatment (but not IGF-I alone) increased luciferase reporter gene activity by 10- to 23-fold in porcine granulosa cells. Over time in serum- free culture, the basal activity of the LDL receptor gene promoter increased and eventually surpassed hormone-stimulated effects, but was suppressed by LDL substrate (by 75%) at 24 h. The foregoing stimulatory hormone effects and sterol repression were localized to a 116-bp region in the porcine promoter between -255 and -139 upstream of the translational start site. We conclude that the combination of FSH and IGF-I can induce accumulation of LDL receptor mRNA in cultured granulosa cells even in the presence of sterol negative feedback and can do so mechanistically by a combination of promoter activation and increased mRNA stability.

AB - Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and the gonadotropin, FSH, can synergize to stimulate progesterone production in primary cultures of maturing granulosa cells. These trophic hormones increase low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor binding and internalization, and the utilization of LDL-borne cholesterol by granulosa cells. To determine whether and how IGF-I and FSH control the genomic expression of the LDL receptor, we evaluated their individual and concerted effects on LDL receptor messenger RNA (mRNA) accumulation, stability, and gene promoter activity in first passage monolayer (serum-free) cultures of porcine granulosa cells. Ribonuclease protection assays revealed that LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was increased by human recombinant IGF-I (100 ng/ml), FSH (25 ng/ml NIDDK oFSH-20), or their combination by 2.2-, 2.6-, and 4.6-fold, respectively (P <0.01). Hormonally stimulated LDL receptor mRNA accumulation was suppressed by 54-75% by the concurrent addition of LDL substrate (50 μg/ml). The combination of FSH and IGF-I significantly prolonged the message half-life, even in the presence of LDL. Using a combination of rapid amplification of cDNA 5'-ends, PCR with adapter-ligated genomic DNA, Southern hybridization, and DNA sequencing, we isolated 1076 bp of the porcine LDL receptor gene upstream of the coding region. In transient transfection assays, with a pLDLR1076/luciferase plasmid construct, FSH, FSH plus IGF-I, or 8-bromo-cAMP (1 mM) treatment (but not IGF-I alone) increased luciferase reporter gene activity by 10- to 23-fold in porcine granulosa cells. Over time in serum- free culture, the basal activity of the LDL receptor gene promoter increased and eventually surpassed hormone-stimulated effects, but was suppressed by LDL substrate (by 75%) at 24 h. The foregoing stimulatory hormone effects and sterol repression were localized to a 116-bp region in the porcine promoter between -255 and -139 upstream of the translational start site. We conclude that the combination of FSH and IGF-I can induce accumulation of LDL receptor mRNA in cultured granulosa cells even in the presence of sterol negative feedback and can do so mechanistically by a combination of promoter activation and increased mRNA stability.

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