Radiation therapy has been the most active agent for the treatment of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer for many years. Chemotherapy has shown some activity, but data has been lacking to support its routine use. Recently, data from five prospective, randomized trials evaluating this difficult population have matured. Reports from these trials are startlingly similar, leading to the common conclusion that concurrent cisplatin chemotherapy and radiation therapy substantially decrease the risk of relapse and increase the overall survival. These results are compelling evidence for the inclusion of cisplatin with irradiation as a new standard of care for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer.
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