Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Illicit Drug Use in Juvenile Justice Involved Youth

The Reciprocal Relationship Between Positive Illicit Drug-Use Attitudes and Illicit Drug Use

Haley M. Kolp, Alexandra R. Hershberger, Jasmyn Sanders, Miji Um, Matthew Aalsma, Melissa A. Cyders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Conduct disorder (CD) symptoms cooccur at high rates with illicit drug use in juvenile justice involved youth, which results in poorer outcomes; however, research has not identified where best to intervene in this relationship, limiting the identification of modifiable risk factors to reduce negative effects of CD symptoms. Two mediation models were examined to investigate the potential for CD symptoms to influence a reciprocal relationship between illicit drug use and positive drug attitudes, controlling for age, gender, and race. Data were examined for 245 juvenile justice involved youth (mean age = 15.46, SD = 1.30, range 12–18, 64.9% Black, 80.4% male) who completed court-ordered psychological assessments. Findings indicate: (1) Positive attitudes toward illicit drug use significantly mediated the relationship between CD symptoms and illicit drug use (β = 0.16, CI 0.09–0.27; test for indirect effect z = 4.17, p < .001) and (2) illicit drug use significantly mediated the relationship between CD symptoms and positive attitudes toward illicit drug use (β = 0.20, CI 0.12–0.32; test for indirect effect z = 4.87, p < .001). Overall, the present study suggests that CD symptoms impart risk for illicit drug use both indirectly, through more positive attitudes toward illicit drug use, and directly, which further strengthens positive attitudes toward illicit drug use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 14 2017

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Conduct Disorder
Social Justice
Street Drugs
drug use
justice
mediation
Psychology
drug

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • conduct disorder
  • illicit drug use
  • juvenile justice
  • youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Illicit Drug Use in Juvenile Justice Involved Youth : The Reciprocal Relationship Between Positive Illicit Drug-Use Attitudes and Illicit Drug Use. / Kolp, Haley M.; Hershberger, Alexandra R.; Sanders, Jasmyn; Um, Miji; Aalsma, Matthew; Cyders, Melissa A.

In: Substance Use and Misuse, 14.11.2017, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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