Congenital aortic paravalvular tunnel masquerading as a recurrent ventricular septal defect

Anna M. Bakas, Panos N. Vardas, Anne G. Farrell, Mark Rodefeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A 4-year-old female underwent surgical repair of an unusual variation of an aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT). Serial echocardiograms had demonstrated previous spontaneous closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD). The patient presented with concern for residual VSD which was later demonstrated to be an eccentric jet through an ALVT. This case emphasizes early and accurate diagnosis for ALVTs and how they can be misdiagnosed as VSDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiac Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • Aorto-left ventricular tunnel/ALVT
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Valve repair/replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this