Content validity and acceptability of the daily enhancement of meaningful activity program

Intervention for mild cognitive impairment patientyspouse dyads

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Persons with mild cognitive impairment (PwMCI) are at greater risk for developing Alzheimer disease and experience various difficulties that decrease their quality of life. Very few interventions focus on helping PwMCI improve or maintain functional performance and enhance quality of life through meaningful activity engagement. The purpose of the study was to explore PwMCI and their spouses' perspectives on the content validity, usefulness, and acceptability of the Daily Enhancement of Meaningful Activity (DEMA) program, which included 6 biweekly face-to-face sessions between session assignments and a self-management tool kit of written educational handouts. Nine PwMCIYcare partner dyads participated in 3 focus groups (PwMCI alone, spouses alone, and couples) to capture their perspectives on DEMA. The transcribed focus group data were analyzed through content analysis. The three groups provided support for content validity and acceptability of the program, and they suggested additional content areas important to couples experiencing MCI. They also attested to the usefulness of the tool kit and gave suggestions for its further improvement. The findings provide evidence of the content validity and acceptability of the DEMA program. A pilot study to assess feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the DEMA on health-related outcomes is the recommended next research step for this program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-328
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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Focus Groups
Spouses
Quality of Life
Self Care
Alzheimer Disease
Cognitive Dysfunction
Health
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Medical–Surgical
  • Surgery

Cite this

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abstract = "Persons with mild cognitive impairment (PwMCI) are at greater risk for developing Alzheimer disease and experience various difficulties that decrease their quality of life. Very few interventions focus on helping PwMCI improve or maintain functional performance and enhance quality of life through meaningful activity engagement. The purpose of the study was to explore PwMCI and their spouses' perspectives on the content validity, usefulness, and acceptability of the Daily Enhancement of Meaningful Activity (DEMA) program, which included 6 biweekly face-to-face sessions between session assignments and a self-management tool kit of written educational handouts. Nine PwMCIYcare partner dyads participated in 3 focus groups (PwMCI alone, spouses alone, and couples) to capture their perspectives on DEMA. The transcribed focus group data were analyzed through content analysis. The three groups provided support for content validity and acceptability of the program, and they suggested additional content areas important to couples experiencing MCI. They also attested to the usefulness of the tool kit and gave suggestions for its further improvement. The findings provide evidence of the content validity and acceptability of the DEMA program. A pilot study to assess feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the DEMA on health-related outcomes is the recommended next research step for this program.",
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