Coordinate expression of secretory phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenase- 2 in activated human keratinocytes

Krystyna E. Rys-Sikora, Raymond L. Konger, John W. Schoggins, Rama Malaviya, Alice P. Pentland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

PGE2 levels are altered in human epidermis after in vivo wounding; however, mechanisms modulating PGE2 production in activated keratinocytes are unclear. In previous studies, we showed that PGE2 is a growth-promoting autacoid in human primary keratinocyte cultures, and its production is modulated by plating density, suggesting that regulated PGE2 synthesis is an important component of wound healing. Here, we examine the role of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes in modulation of PGE2 production. We report that the increased PGE2 production that occurs in keratinocytes grown in nonconfluent conditions is also observed after in vitro wounding, indicating that similar mechanisms are involved. This increase was associated with coordinate upregulation of both COX-2 and secretory PLA2 (sPLA2) proteins. Increased sPLA2 activity was also observed. By RT-PCR, we identified the presence of type IIA and type V sPLA2, along with the M-type sPLA2 receptor. Thus the coordinate expression of sPLA2 and COX-2 may be responsible for the increased prostaglandin synthesis in activated keratinocytes during wound repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C822-C833
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume278
Issue number4 47-4
StatePublished - Apr 28 2000

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Arachidonic acid
  • Primary human keratinocytes
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Secretory phospholipase A receptor
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this