Coordinate gene expression of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and the LHRH-receptor after prolactin stimulation in the Rat Nb2 T-cell line

Implications for a role in immunomodulation and cell cycle gene expression

Teresa M. Wilson, Li Yuan Yu-Lee, Mark Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PRL has been shown to induce a number of genes after the stimulation of quiescent Nb2 T-cells, including c-fos, c-myc, ornithine decarboxylase, interferon regulatory factor-1, and others. One of these genes, LHRH, has not previously been reported to respond in this manner, although we and others have reported its presence in rat and human T- and B-cells. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that LHRH functions as an immunoregulator in a cytokine-like manner. Using the rat immature T-cell line Nb2, we present data showing for the first time that 1) the LHRH gene is regulated by PRL at various times during the cell cycle; 2) an alternatively spliced LHRH messenger RNA exists in Nb2 cells and may produce a new truncated GnRH-associated peptide (alternatively called PIF for PRL-inhibiting factor); 3) the LHRH receptor is expressed in lymphocytes in a manner similar to the LHRH gene after PRL addition, and its complementary DNA sequence is identical to that of the pituitary receptor; 5) the SH gene, found on the opposite strand of the LHRH gene, is expressed in lymphocytes at the same time and in the same manner as the LHRH gene; 6) the LHRH messenger RNA has a very short half-life in these cells; and 7) the lymphocyte LHRH transcription start site is essentially the same as the hypothalamic site. These data strengthen the relationship between PRL and LHRH expression in the immune system and further support our contention that LHRH is an important immunoregulator, on par with other known cytokines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Endocrinology
Volume9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995

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LHRH Receptors
cdc Genes
Immunomodulation
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Prolactin
T-Lymphocytes
Gene Expression
Cell Line
Genes
Lymphocytes
Interferon Regulatory Factor-1
Cytokines
Messenger RNA
Ornithine Decarboxylase
Transcription Initiation Site
Half-Life
Immune System
Cell Cycle
B-Lymphocytes
Complementary DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Coordinate gene expression of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and the LHRH-receptor after prolactin stimulation in the Rat Nb2 T-cell line: Implications for a role in immunomodulation and cell cycle gene expression",
abstract = "PRL has been shown to induce a number of genes after the stimulation of quiescent Nb2 T-cells, including c-fos, c-myc, ornithine decarboxylase, interferon regulatory factor-1, and others. One of these genes, LHRH, has not previously been reported to respond in this manner, although we and others have reported its presence in rat and human T- and B-cells. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that LHRH functions as an immunoregulator in a cytokine-like manner. Using the rat immature T-cell line Nb2, we present data showing for the first time that 1) the LHRH gene is regulated by PRL at various times during the cell cycle; 2) an alternatively spliced LHRH messenger RNA exists in Nb2 cells and may produce a new truncated GnRH-associated peptide (alternatively called PIF for PRL-inhibiting factor); 3) the LHRH receptor is expressed in lymphocytes in a manner similar to the LHRH gene after PRL addition, and its complementary DNA sequence is identical to that of the pituitary receptor; 5) the SH gene, found on the opposite strand of the LHRH gene, is expressed in lymphocytes at the same time and in the same manner as the LHRH gene; 6) the LHRH messenger RNA has a very short half-life in these cells; and 7) the lymphocyte LHRH transcription start site is essentially the same as the hypothalamic site. These data strengthen the relationship between PRL and LHRH expression in the immune system and further support our contention that LHRH is an important immunoregulator, on par with other known cytokines.",
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N2 - PRL has been shown to induce a number of genes after the stimulation of quiescent Nb2 T-cells, including c-fos, c-myc, ornithine decarboxylase, interferon regulatory factor-1, and others. One of these genes, LHRH, has not previously been reported to respond in this manner, although we and others have reported its presence in rat and human T- and B-cells. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that LHRH functions as an immunoregulator in a cytokine-like manner. Using the rat immature T-cell line Nb2, we present data showing for the first time that 1) the LHRH gene is regulated by PRL at various times during the cell cycle; 2) an alternatively spliced LHRH messenger RNA exists in Nb2 cells and may produce a new truncated GnRH-associated peptide (alternatively called PIF for PRL-inhibiting factor); 3) the LHRH receptor is expressed in lymphocytes in a manner similar to the LHRH gene after PRL addition, and its complementary DNA sequence is identical to that of the pituitary receptor; 5) the SH gene, found on the opposite strand of the LHRH gene, is expressed in lymphocytes at the same time and in the same manner as the LHRH gene; 6) the LHRH messenger RNA has a very short half-life in these cells; and 7) the lymphocyte LHRH transcription start site is essentially the same as the hypothalamic site. These data strengthen the relationship between PRL and LHRH expression in the immune system and further support our contention that LHRH is an important immunoregulator, on par with other known cytokines.

AB - PRL has been shown to induce a number of genes after the stimulation of quiescent Nb2 T-cells, including c-fos, c-myc, ornithine decarboxylase, interferon regulatory factor-1, and others. One of these genes, LHRH, has not previously been reported to respond in this manner, although we and others have reported its presence in rat and human T- and B-cells. Furthermore, recent evidence suggests that LHRH functions as an immunoregulator in a cytokine-like manner. Using the rat immature T-cell line Nb2, we present data showing for the first time that 1) the LHRH gene is regulated by PRL at various times during the cell cycle; 2) an alternatively spliced LHRH messenger RNA exists in Nb2 cells and may produce a new truncated GnRH-associated peptide (alternatively called PIF for PRL-inhibiting factor); 3) the LHRH receptor is expressed in lymphocytes in a manner similar to the LHRH gene after PRL addition, and its complementary DNA sequence is identical to that of the pituitary receptor; 5) the SH gene, found on the opposite strand of the LHRH gene, is expressed in lymphocytes at the same time and in the same manner as the LHRH gene; 6) the LHRH messenger RNA has a very short half-life in these cells; and 7) the lymphocyte LHRH transcription start site is essentially the same as the hypothalamic site. These data strengthen the relationship between PRL and LHRH expression in the immune system and further support our contention that LHRH is an important immunoregulator, on par with other known cytokines.

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