Correlates of physical activity in a sample of older adults with type 2 diabetes

Laura M. Hays, Daniel Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - Physical activity is integral to the management of type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, the majority of adults with type 2 diabetes do not regularly engage in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to assess physical activity behavior and its correlates (i.e., physical activity knowledge, barriers, and performance and outcome expectations) in older adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A subgroup of 260 adults with type 2 diabetes was identified from a larger stratified random sample of adults aged ≥55 years. Participants completed an interviewer- administered survey designed from focus group findings and social learning theory. RESULTS - The majority of the respondents (54.6%) reported 0 min of weekly physical activity. This was especially true of older female respondents. Performance expectation scores were lower among respondents who were in the oldest age-group, namely, white women. Physical activity knowledge varied by age-group, and barriers to physical activity were prevalent in all groups. The following are significant correlates of reported weekly physical activity: younger age, more education, fewer motivational barriers, and greater perceived health and performance expectations. CONCLUSIONS - Given the importance of physical activity to diabetes management, the low prevalence of physical activity found in this and other studies should raise concerns among clinicians. Future research to identify predictors of physical activity is needed to guide clinicians in the promotion of physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-712
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Exercise
Age Groups
Focus Groups
Research Design
Interviews
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Correlates of physical activity in a sample of older adults with type 2 diabetes. / Hays, Laura M.; Clark, Daniel.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 22, No. 5, 1999, p. 706-712.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{70259d6f58f04c8db1a61d9fa649e7df,
title = "Correlates of physical activity in a sample of older adults with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE - Physical activity is integral to the management of type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, the majority of adults with type 2 diabetes do not regularly engage in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to assess physical activity behavior and its correlates (i.e., physical activity knowledge, barriers, and performance and outcome expectations) in older adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A subgroup of 260 adults with type 2 diabetes was identified from a larger stratified random sample of adults aged ≥55 years. Participants completed an interviewer- administered survey designed from focus group findings and social learning theory. RESULTS - The majority of the respondents (54.6{\%}) reported 0 min of weekly physical activity. This was especially true of older female respondents. Performance expectation scores were lower among respondents who were in the oldest age-group, namely, white women. Physical activity knowledge varied by age-group, and barriers to physical activity were prevalent in all groups. The following are significant correlates of reported weekly physical activity: younger age, more education, fewer motivational barriers, and greater perceived health and performance expectations. CONCLUSIONS - Given the importance of physical activity to diabetes management, the low prevalence of physical activity found in this and other studies should raise concerns among clinicians. Future research to identify predictors of physical activity is needed to guide clinicians in the promotion of physical activity.",
author = "Hays, {Laura M.} and Daniel Clark",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.2337/diacare.22.5.706",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "706--712",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "1935-5548",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlates of physical activity in a sample of older adults with type 2 diabetes

AU - Hays, Laura M.

AU - Clark, Daniel

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - OBJECTIVE - Physical activity is integral to the management of type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, the majority of adults with type 2 diabetes do not regularly engage in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to assess physical activity behavior and its correlates (i.e., physical activity knowledge, barriers, and performance and outcome expectations) in older adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A subgroup of 260 adults with type 2 diabetes was identified from a larger stratified random sample of adults aged ≥55 years. Participants completed an interviewer- administered survey designed from focus group findings and social learning theory. RESULTS - The majority of the respondents (54.6%) reported 0 min of weekly physical activity. This was especially true of older female respondents. Performance expectation scores were lower among respondents who were in the oldest age-group, namely, white women. Physical activity knowledge varied by age-group, and barriers to physical activity were prevalent in all groups. The following are significant correlates of reported weekly physical activity: younger age, more education, fewer motivational barriers, and greater perceived health and performance expectations. CONCLUSIONS - Given the importance of physical activity to diabetes management, the low prevalence of physical activity found in this and other studies should raise concerns among clinicians. Future research to identify predictors of physical activity is needed to guide clinicians in the promotion of physical activity.

AB - OBJECTIVE - Physical activity is integral to the management of type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, the majority of adults with type 2 diabetes do not regularly engage in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to assess physical activity behavior and its correlates (i.e., physical activity knowledge, barriers, and performance and outcome expectations) in older adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A subgroup of 260 adults with type 2 diabetes was identified from a larger stratified random sample of adults aged ≥55 years. Participants completed an interviewer- administered survey designed from focus group findings and social learning theory. RESULTS - The majority of the respondents (54.6%) reported 0 min of weekly physical activity. This was especially true of older female respondents. Performance expectation scores were lower among respondents who were in the oldest age-group, namely, white women. Physical activity knowledge varied by age-group, and barriers to physical activity were prevalent in all groups. The following are significant correlates of reported weekly physical activity: younger age, more education, fewer motivational barriers, and greater perceived health and performance expectations. CONCLUSIONS - Given the importance of physical activity to diabetes management, the low prevalence of physical activity found in this and other studies should raise concerns among clinicians. Future research to identify predictors of physical activity is needed to guide clinicians in the promotion of physical activity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032930210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032930210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/diacare.22.5.706

DO - 10.2337/diacare.22.5.706

M3 - Article

C2 - 10332670

AN - SCOPUS:0032930210

VL - 22

SP - 706

EP - 712

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 5

ER -