Selective inhibition by pertussis toxin (PT) of mitogenic activation of mouse B lymphocytes by bacterial mitogens (peptidoglycan and lipopolysaccharide) and muramyl dipeptide (a synthetic analog of peptidoglycan fragment) was demonstrated. Mitogenic activation of B cells by protein kinase C activators and ionomycin was insensitive to PT. Also PT did not inhibit peptidoglycan- and lipopolysaccharide-induced differentiation of B cells into Ig-secreting cells, when it was added to the cultures after the proliferative stage of the response. B lymphocyte membranes contained two major PT substrates (40 and 41 kDa). The extent of PT-mediated ADP ribosylation of these substrates correlated with the degree of PT-mediated inhibition of mitogenic stimulation of B cells. B cell stimulation by all mitogens tested was not inhibited by cholera toxin at nontoxic concentrations that are known to cause maximal increase in cAMP in B cells. Since the only known substrates for PT-mediated ADP ribosylation in mammalian cells are the α subunits of some G proteins, our data suggest that G proteins are present in B cell membranes and that they are involved in B cell activation induced by bacterial mitogens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy