Costimulation of transduced T lymphocytes via T cell receptor-CD3 complex and CD28 leads to increased transcription of integrated retrovirus

Karen E. Pollok, Johannes C.M. Van Der Loo, Ryan J. Cooper, Lorrie Kennedy, David A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations


Primary human T lymphocytes were transduced at high efficiency with the Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo-MuLV) vector, LNC-mB7-1, in which an internal cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter drives expression of the murine B7-1 cDNA. Compared with transduced T cells expanded in IL-2 or reactivated with soluble antibodies to CD3 or CD28, transgene expression was significantly increased after activation on immobilized anti-CD3 antibodies (CD3i) or by simultaneous activation on immobilized anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies (CD3i/CD28i). A similar pattern of transgene expression was observed in T cells transduced with MoMuLV LNC-EGFP. Provital copy number was maintained in LNC-mB7-1-transduced T cells expanded in IL-2 or reactivated on CD3i/CD28i. Substantial increases in LNC-mB7-1 steady state mRNA in reactivated T lymphocytes, compared with those maintained in IL-2, correlated with increased transcription of the LNCmB7-1 provital DNA. Furthermore, T cells transduced with the Mo-MuLV ZIPPGK-mADA, in which the mADA cDNA is driven by an internal human phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) promoter, showed increases in steady state ZIPPGK-mADA RNA on reactivation. High levels of transgene expression were evident irrespective of cell cycle position in both CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes. After reactivation, increases in LNCmB7-1 mRNA were observed in the presence of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide, indicating that proteins involved in upregulating transgene expression preexisted in transduced lymphocytes. Induction of transgene expression on CD3i/CD28i showed a dose-dependent decrease in transgene expression when incubated with selective protein kinase inhibitors. These data provide new insights into the mechanisms governing transgene expression driven by Mo-MuLV constructs containing internal promoters in transduced primary T lymphoeytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2221-2236
Number of pages16
JournalHuman gene therapy
Issue number13
StatePublished - Sep 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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