Retinal pigment epithelial ion transport activity, and consequent ATP consumption vary significantly as a function of photoreceptor activity. In a variety of cell types, ATP levels are maintained during high-energy usage by phosphocreatine hydrolysis, catalysed by the enzyme creatine kinase. The present work was designed to assess the importance of creatine kinase in retinal pigment epithelial cell metabolism. To this end, activity measurements, non-denaturing gel electrophoresis, Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were used to characterize creatine kinase in retinal pigment epithelium. Total creatine kinase activity in the retinal pigment epithelium is approximately 0.05 μmol ATP mg protein-1 min-1. The bulk of this activity was mediated by the B-CK isoform. However, by immunoblotting, non-denaturing gel electrophoresis and immunohistochemistry, the presence of the M-CK isoform of creatine kinase was also detected. The M-CK isoform was plasma membrane associated and predominately localized to the apical surface. Creatine kinase in the retinal pigment epithelium could function in a spatial energy shuttle that helps to sustain apical plasma membrane ion transport activity. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
- Creatine kinase
- Cultured human retinal pigment epithelium
- Metabolic compartmentation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience