Cross-cultural relationships between self-concept and body image in high school-age boys.

J. K. Austin, V. L. Champion, O. C. Tzeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


The relationship between self-concept and body image was investigated through a secondary analysis of data from a sample of 1,200 high school male students from 30 language/culture communities (Osgood, May, & Myron, 1975). Subjects rated adjectives pertaining to self-concept and body image using 7-step semantic differential bipolar scales. Adjectives were related to the dimensions of Evaluation, Potency, and Activity. Correlation, factor analysis, and multiple regression were utilized to examine multivariate relationships among self-concept dimensions and body-image dimensions. Significant positive correlations were found between self-concept and body image. In addition, significant positive relationships were found when self-concept factors were regressed on the body-image factor (R2 = .49 to .57, p less than or equal to .001) for Activity and Potency. Results support the existence of a strong positive relationship between self-concept and body image across the 30 cultures involved. Findings have important implications for nursing in assessment and interventions with clients who have deficits in either self-concept or body image.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-240
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of psychiatric nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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