Ten patients with discrete subvalvular aortic stenosis were examined using a real time, high resolution cross-sectional echocardiographic scanner. There were two patients (Group I) with a thin discrete subvalvular membrane, five (Group II) with a more extensive area of subvalvular narrowing and three with a residual area of outflow tract obstruction after surgical revision (Group III). In patients with a thin obstructing membrane (Group I), two distinct linear echoes were observed in the outflow tract. These echoes were not continuous with the walls of the outflow tract and showed some dynamic motion during the cardiac cycle. In four of the five patients with diffuse outflow tract narrowing (Group II), a relatively extensive area of inward bowing of both the anterior and posterior margins of the outflow tract was noted. In the fifth case, there was a prominent localized shelf-like increase in thickness of the basal portion of the muscular septum with a corresponding echo projecting anteriorly from the mid-portion of the anterior mitral leaflet. The three cases examined after surgical revision of the outflow tract (Group III), had different patterns of outflow tract narrowing, but narrowing was clearly demonstrated. This study suggests that cross-sectional echocardiography offers an alternative and probably improved method for the noninvasive visualization of the left ventricular outflow tract.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine