Curative effect of split low dosage total-body irradiation on murine AIDS Induced by friend virus: The results and the possible mechanism

Rong Nian Shen, Li Lu, Hans E. Kaiser, Hal E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mice infected with Friend Leukemia Virus (FLV) rapidly develop erythroleukemia and severe immune deficiency which resembles human AIDS. We have reported that mice infected with a lethal dose of FLV can be 100% cured by 150 cGy total body irradiation (TBI). This curative effect was associated with restoration of cellular immunity which was compromised by the virus. This restoration may result from activation of the IFN-γ system and 1L-2 production. Our research work further demonstrated that no spleen focus-forming virus (SFFV) specific mRNAs, no 6.0kb SFFV fragments and SFFV envelope glycoproteins were detectable in FLV-infected mice treated with low dose TBI. Predicated on our report, del Regato has initiated clinical trials to treat AIDS patients with low dose TBI. The preliminary results are encouraging and the study is continuing. We have also studied the effects of low dose TBI on the expression of the P53 gene. The results show loss or inactivation of P53 tumor suppressor genes in FLV-infected mice, but P53 expression was restored in FLV-infected mice treated by low dose TBI. It is intriguing to speculate that in the curative effect of low dose TBI on mice infected with retrovirus, the P53 tumor suppressor gene may play an important role. It would be of interest to see if this type of treatment, which was well tolerated by mice, would be beneficial in other types of virally induced disease, including AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalIn Vivo
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

Keywords

  • Friend virus
  • Immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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