Current blood pressure selfmanagement: A qualitative study

Arlene A. Schmid, Teresa M. Datnush, Laurie Plue, Usha Subramanian, Tamilyn Bakus, Linda S. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Blood pressure (BP) self-management is advocated to manage hypertension and reduce the risk of a future stroke. The purpose of this study was to identify BP self-management strategies used by individuals who had sustained a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). As part of a mixed-methods study, we conducted six focus groups and achieved saturation with 16 stroke survivors and 12 TIA survivors. Each participant completed a questionnaire regarding current BP management. We analyzed and coded qualitative transcripts from the focus groups and found four emergent themes that were supported by questionnaire results. The four self-management themes include: (1) external support for BP self-management is helpful; (2) BP self-management strategies include medication adherence, routine development, and BP monitoring; (3) BP risk factor management involves diet, exercise, and stress reduction; and (4) taking advantage of the "teachable moment" may be advantageous for behavior change to self-manage BP. This research provides key elements for the development of a successful BP self-management program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalRehabilitation Nursing
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Blood pressure self-management
  • Hypertension self-management
  • Mixed methods
  • Stroke prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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