Current trends in pulp therapy: A survey analyzing pulpotomy techniques taught in pediatric dental residency programs

Laquia A. Walker, Brian J. Sanders, James E. Jones, C. Andrew Williamson, Jeffrey A. Dean, Joseph J. Legan, Gerardo Maupome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Purpose: The study's purpose was to survey directors of pediatric dental residency programs in order to evaluate the materials currently being taught and used for pulpotomy procedures for primary teeth in educational and clinical settings. Methods: A web-based survey was emailed to all graduate pediatric dental residency program directors in the United States. Results: Seventy one emails were sent to program directors, 47 responded but only 39 respondents (55%) were included in the study. Results suggested a slight decrease in utilization of formocresol 1:5 dilution (P<.01) and an increase in both ferric sulfate (P<.05) and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA; P<.02) utilization for primary tooth pulpotomy procedures. The most common reasons for elimination of formocresol (18% of respondents) were systemic health concerns and carcinogenicity, in addition to evidence-based literature. Even though 25% of respondents have begun to use MTA for primary pulpotomy procedures, the most common reason for utilization of other medicaments over MTA was its higher cost. Conclusions: With 82% of graduate pediatric dental residency programs still utilizing formocresol 1:5 dilution for pulpotomy procedures in primary teeth, there has been no major shift away from its clinical use, in spite of increased usage of newer medicaments over the last 5 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-35
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dentistry for Children
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Formocresol
  • Pediatric dentistry
  • Pulpotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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