Cyclic stretch induces PlGF expression in bronchial airway epithelial cells via nitric oxide release

Kamal A. Mohammed, Najmunnisa Nasreen, Robert Tepper, Veena B. Antony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanical strain of lung tissue is an important stimulus for the production of growth factors that are critical for lung growth and development. However, excessive mechanical strain, as may occur during mechanical ventilation, may produce an increase in growth factors that may contribute to lung injury. We hypothesized that mechanical strain of primary bronchial airway epithelial cells (BAEpCs) induced the production of placental growth factor (PlGF), a member of the VEGF family. BAEpCs were cultured on a deformable silicoelastic membrane and exposed to different magnitudes of stretch. Stretch induced PlGF and nitric oxide (NO) production that increased with increasing magnitude of stretch. Stretch also induced PlGF and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) gene expression. The stretch-induced PlGF production and NO synthesis were attenuated by PD98059, a specific mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1 and -2 inhibitor. Inhibition of NO generation by L-NAME or L-NMMA or scavenging NO by carboxy-PTIO prevented stretch-mediated erk1/2 activation. In addition, in unstretched BAEpCs, exogenous NO enhanced erk1/erk2 activation. Our data suggest that mechanical stretch of BAEpCs induces iNOS expression and induces PlGF release in an erk1/2 activation-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume292
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Nitric Oxide
Epithelial Cells
MAP Kinase Kinase 2
MAP Kinase Kinase 1
omega-N-Methylarginine
Lung
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Lung Injury
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Growth and Development
Artificial Respiration
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Gene Expression
Membranes

Keywords

  • Mitogen-activated protein kinases
  • Placental growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

Cyclic stretch induces PlGF expression in bronchial airway epithelial cells via nitric oxide release. / Mohammed, Kamal A.; Nasreen, Najmunnisa; Tepper, Robert; Antony, Veena B.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Vol. 292, No. 2, 02.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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