Daxx-β and Daxx-γ, two novel splice variants of the transcriptional co-repressor Daxx

Nils Wethkamp, Helmut Hanenberg, Sarah Funke, Christoph V. Suschek, Wiebke Wetzel, Sebastian Heikaus, Edgar Grinstein, Uwe Ramp, Rainer Engers, Helmut E. Gabbert, Csaba Mahotka

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5 Scopus citations


Daxx is involved in transcriptional control and apoptosis. It comprises several domains, including a regulatory C terminus that is responsible for the interaction with numerous proteins such as p53, promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML), and Hsp27. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of two novel variants of Daxx termed Daxx-β and Daxx-γ, which are generated by alternative splicing. Alternative splicing results in a truncated regulatory C terminus in both proteins. As a consequence, Daxx-β and Daxx-γ show a markedly decreased affinity to PML, which in turn is associated with a different subnuclear localization of these proteins compared with Daxx. Although Daxx is localized mainly in PML-oncogenic domains (PODs) Daxx-β and Daxx-γ display a distinct distribution pattern. Furthermore, Daxx-β and Daxx-γ show a decreased affinity to p53 also due to the truncated C terminus. We provide evidence that the p53 recruitment into PODs is Daxx isoform-dependent. The decreased affinity of Daxx-β/-γ to p53 and PML results in a diffuse localization of p53 throughout the nucleus. In contrast to Daxx, Daxx-β and Daxx-γ are unable to repress p53-mediated transcription. Therefore, alternative splicing of Daxx might indicate an additional level in the cellular apoptosis network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19576-19588
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 3 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Wethkamp, N., Hanenberg, H., Funke, S., Suschek, C. V., Wetzel, W., Heikaus, S., Grinstein, E., Ramp, U., Engers, R., Gabbert, H. E., & Mahotka, C. (2011). Daxx-β and Daxx-γ, two novel splice variants of the transcriptional co-repressor Daxx. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(22), 19576-19588. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.196311