De-Escalation Training to Medical–Surgical Nurses in the Acute Care Setting

Kimberly Lynn Ferrara, Mary Lynn Davis-Ajami, Joan Insalaco Warren, Lyn Stankiewicz Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Violence is increasing on medical–surgical units as a “silent epidemic.” This quality improvement project employs a small non-experimental, single-group, pre- and post-test design (N = 11) to determine the effectiveness of de-escalation training on medical–surgical nurses' confidence levels when dealing with agitated patients. Regardless of age, education, or years of experience, scores improved for each question on Thackrey's (1987) Confidence in Coping with Patient Aggression Instrument after implementing Ten Domains of De-escalation by Richmond et al. (2012). A paired-sample two-tailed t-test significantly increased from Time 1 pre-test (M = 49.82, SD = 10.11) to Time 2 post-test (M = 72.82, SD = 14.41), t(10) = 4.46, p <.001. The mean increase was 23.00 [95% CI, 11.51–34.49]; d = 1.84 indicating a large effect size (Pilot, 2010). A sensitivity analysis (Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test) showed a median difference among the matched pairs with a significant increase in confidence levels post-training, z = −2.847, p <.004. The median score increased from the pre-test (Md = 51) to the post-test scores (Md = 71) (Pallant, 2013).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742-749
Number of pages8
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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