Deaf children with cochlear implants do not appear to use sentence context to help recognize spoken words

Christopher M. Conway, Joanne A. Deocampo, Anne M. Walk, Esperanza M. Anaya, David Pisoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The authors investigated the ability of deaf children with cochlear implants (CIs) to use sentence context to facilitate the perception of spoken words.

Method: Deaf children with CIs (n = 24) and an age-matched group of children with normal hearing (n = 31) were presented with lexically controlled sentences and were asked to repeat each sentence in its entirety. Performance was analyzed at each of 3 word positions of each sentence (first, second, and third key word).

Results: Whereas the children with normal hearing showed robust effects of contextual facilitation—improved speech perception for the final words in a sentence—the deaf children with CIs on average showed no such facilitation. Regression analyses indicated that for the deaf children with CIs, Forward Digit Span scores significantly predicted accuracy scores for all 3 positions, whereas performance on the Stroop Color and Word Test, Children’s Version (Golden, Freshwater, & Golden, 2003) predicted how much contextual facilitation was observed at the final word.

Conclusions: The pattern of results suggests that some deaf children with CIs do not use sentence context to improve spoken word recognition. The inability to use sentence context may be due to possible interactions between language experience and cognitive factors that affect the ability to successfully integrate temporal–sequential information in spoken language.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2174-2190
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

Cochlear Implants
Aptitude
Hearing
Language
Speech Perception
cognitive factors
ability
spoken language
Spoken Word
Deaf children
Cochlear Implant
Sentence Context
Fresh Water
performance
age group
Research Design
Age Groups
Color
Regression Analysis
regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Deaf children with cochlear implants do not appear to use sentence context to help recognize spoken words. / Conway, Christopher M.; Deocampo, Joanne A.; Walk, Anne M.; Anaya, Esperanza M.; Pisoni, David.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 57, No. 6, 01.12.2014, p. 2174-2190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Conway, Christopher M. ; Deocampo, Joanne A. ; Walk, Anne M. ; Anaya, Esperanza M. ; Pisoni, David. / Deaf children with cochlear implants do not appear to use sentence context to help recognize spoken words. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2014 ; Vol. 57, No. 6. pp. 2174-2190.
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