Delayed presentation of a right-sided diaphragmatic hernia and group B streptococcal sepsis. Two case reports and a review of the literature

Frederick Rescorla, Mervin Yoder, K. W. West, J. L. Grosfeld

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Group B streptococcal sepsis was associated with delayed presentation of an unsuspected right-sided diaphragmatic hernia in two neonates. These unusual clinical observations and a review of 24 similar cases from the literature form the basis of this report. Infants present with respiratory distress during the first few hours of life and have group B streptococcal sepsis confirmed by results of blood cultures. The right side of the diaphragm appears normal on the initial chest roentgenogram in the majority of cases. After initial improvement with antibiotic therapy and ventilatory support, sudden deterioration of respiratory status may occur. Subsequent chest roentgenograms often demonstrate herniated viscera in half of the cases, while ultrasound examination, isotopic liver scan, and peritoneography are useful in achieving a diagnosis in the other cases. If recognized, survival is 100% following hernia repair. Persistent respiratory symptoms in a neonate who is recovering from group B streptococcal sepsis should prompt a careful evaluation of the right side of the diaphragm for the presence of an unsuspected posterolateral hernia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1086
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume124
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1989

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Diaphragmatic Hernia
Sepsis
Diaphragm
Thorax
Newborn Infant
Viscera
Herniorrhaphy
Hernia
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Liver
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

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abstract = "Group B streptococcal sepsis was associated with delayed presentation of an unsuspected right-sided diaphragmatic hernia in two neonates. These unusual clinical observations and a review of 24 similar cases from the literature form the basis of this report. Infants present with respiratory distress during the first few hours of life and have group B streptococcal sepsis confirmed by results of blood cultures. The right side of the diaphragm appears normal on the initial chest roentgenogram in the majority of cases. After initial improvement with antibiotic therapy and ventilatory support, sudden deterioration of respiratory status may occur. Subsequent chest roentgenograms often demonstrate herniated viscera in half of the cases, while ultrasound examination, isotopic liver scan, and peritoneography are useful in achieving a diagnosis in the other cases. If recognized, survival is 100{\%} following hernia repair. Persistent respiratory symptoms in a neonate who is recovering from group B streptococcal sepsis should prompt a careful evaluation of the right side of the diaphragm for the presence of an unsuspected posterolateral hernia.",
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T1 - Delayed presentation of a right-sided diaphragmatic hernia and group B streptococcal sepsis. Two case reports and a review of the literature

AU - Rescorla, Frederick

AU - Yoder, Mervin

AU - West, K. W.

AU - Grosfeld, J. L.

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - Group B streptococcal sepsis was associated with delayed presentation of an unsuspected right-sided diaphragmatic hernia in two neonates. These unusual clinical observations and a review of 24 similar cases from the literature form the basis of this report. Infants present with respiratory distress during the first few hours of life and have group B streptococcal sepsis confirmed by results of blood cultures. The right side of the diaphragm appears normal on the initial chest roentgenogram in the majority of cases. After initial improvement with antibiotic therapy and ventilatory support, sudden deterioration of respiratory status may occur. Subsequent chest roentgenograms often demonstrate herniated viscera in half of the cases, while ultrasound examination, isotopic liver scan, and peritoneography are useful in achieving a diagnosis in the other cases. If recognized, survival is 100% following hernia repair. Persistent respiratory symptoms in a neonate who is recovering from group B streptococcal sepsis should prompt a careful evaluation of the right side of the diaphragm for the presence of an unsuspected posterolateral hernia.

AB - Group B streptococcal sepsis was associated with delayed presentation of an unsuspected right-sided diaphragmatic hernia in two neonates. These unusual clinical observations and a review of 24 similar cases from the literature form the basis of this report. Infants present with respiratory distress during the first few hours of life and have group B streptococcal sepsis confirmed by results of blood cultures. The right side of the diaphragm appears normal on the initial chest roentgenogram in the majority of cases. After initial improvement with antibiotic therapy and ventilatory support, sudden deterioration of respiratory status may occur. Subsequent chest roentgenograms often demonstrate herniated viscera in half of the cases, while ultrasound examination, isotopic liver scan, and peritoneography are useful in achieving a diagnosis in the other cases. If recognized, survival is 100% following hernia repair. Persistent respiratory symptoms in a neonate who is recovering from group B streptococcal sepsis should prompt a careful evaluation of the right side of the diaphragm for the presence of an unsuspected posterolateral hernia.

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