Deletion of Mbtps1 (Pcsk8, S1p, Ski-1) gene in osteocytes stimulates soleus muscle regeneration and increased size and contractile force with age

Jeff P. Gorski, Nichole T. Huffman, Julian Vallejo, Leticia Brotto, Sridar V. Chittur, Anne Breggia, Amber Stern, Jian Huang, Chenglin Mo, Nabil G. Seidah, Lynda Bonewald, Marco Brotto

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Conditional deletion of Mbtps1 (cKO) protease in bone osteocytes leads to an age-related increase in mass (12%) and in contractile force (30%) in adult slow twitch soleus muscles (SOL) with no effect on fast twitch extensor digitorum longus muscles. Surprisingly, bone from 10-12-month-old cKO animals was indistinguishable from controls in size, density, and morphology except for a 25% increase in stiffness. cKO SOL exhibited increased expression of Pax7, Myog, Myod1, Notch, and Myh3 and 6-fold more centralized nuclei, characteristics of postnatal regenerating muscle, but only in type I myosin heavy chain-expressing cells. Increased expression of gene pathways mediating EGF receptor signaling, circadian exercise, striated muscle contraction, and lipid and carbohydrate oxidative metabolism were also observed in cKO SOL. This muscle phenotype was not observed in 3-month-old mice. Although Mbtps1 mRNA and protein expression was reduced in cKO bone osteocytes, no differences in Mbtps1 or cre recombinase expression were observed in cKO SOL, explaining this age-related phenotype. Understanding bone-muscle cross-talk may provide a fresh and novel approach to prevention and treatment of age-related muscle loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4308-4322
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 2016
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Gorski, J. P., Huffman, N. T., Vallejo, J., Brotto, L., Chittur, S. V., Breggia, A., Stern, A., Huang, J., Mo, C., Seidah, N. G., Bonewald, L., & Brotto, M. (2016). Deletion of Mbtps1 (Pcsk8, S1p, Ski-1) gene in osteocytes stimulates soleus muscle regeneration and increased size and contractile force with age. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 291(9), 4308-4322. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.686626