Radiation therapy results in significant morphological changes in prostatic carcinoma, including decreased cancer size, acinar shrinkage and distortion, cytoplasmic vacuolization, and nuclear pyknosis. Benign acini usually display enlarged, atypical cells with hyperchromatic nuclei. These changes confound the evaluation of limited postradiation samples. The glycoprotein A-80 is known to be upregulated in prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and prostatic carcinoma. In this study, we assessed the expression of A-80 in radiation-treated prostatic carcinoma. Paraffin sections from 64 postradiation prostatic carcinomas obtained at salvage prostatectomy were immunostained with a monoclonal antibody to A-80; selected sections were doubly immunostained with antibodies to A-80 and various cytokeratin polypeptides. All cases showed readily detectable and often intense staining in the cytoplasm of cancer cells and in intraluminal material of malignant acini. The extent and intensity of the reactions were independent of cancer size and grade. Strong reactions were seen in preserved and distorted acini, clear cell areas, single cancer cells, and in colloid pools with few or no recognizable cancer cells. PIN was present in 34 cases (53%), of which 27 (79%) stained strongly for A-80; atrophic and hyperplastic acini generally did not stain, irrespective of the degree of cellular atypia. The A-80 glycoprotein appears remarkably durable and is readily demonstrable in postradiation prostatic carcinoma despite profound architectural and cytologic changes. This characteristic may prove useful in evaluating small samples for confirmation of diagnosis and determination of extent of residual or recurrent prostatic carcinoma after radiation therapy.
- A-80 glycoprotein
- Prostatic carcinoma
- Radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine