Dental extraction as a risk factor for bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaw in cancer patients: an update.

A. Utreja, K. Almas, F. Javed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a complication related to the use of bisphosphonates (BPs). Patients receiving BPs for the treatment of malignancies are at an increased risk of developing bisphosphonate-related ONJ (BRONJ) as compared to patients receiving BPs for the treatment of other disorders such as osteoporosis. Additionally, tooth extractions have been suggested to increase the risk of BRONJ in individuals taking BPs. To review the role of dental extraction as a risk factor for BRONJ in cancer patients. Databases were searched from January 1999 up to and including July 2012 using various combinations of the following keywords: "bisphosphonate", "osteonecrosis of the jaw", "cancer", "oral" and "dental extraction". Twenty two studies were included. Eighteen studies assessed the relationship between BRONJ and dental extractions in cancer patients, reporting the overall prevalence of BRONJ following extraction in this group as 3.25 +/- 2.23%. Four studies did not report a correlation between BRONJ and extractions, and recommended protocols to avoid the complication. There is a plausible relationship between dental extractions and the development of BRONJ in cancer patients. Written informed consent must be obtained prior to dental procedures in patients at risk for developing BRONJ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalOdonto-stomatologie tropicale = Tropical dental journal
Volume36
Issue number142
StatePublished - Jun 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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