Dental needs and socioeconomic status associated with utilization of dental services in the presence of dental pain: A case-control study in children

Juan José Villalobos-Rodelo, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Gerardo Maupomé, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To identify the effect of unmet dental treatment needs and socioeconomic and sociodemographic variables on the patterns of dental visits in the presence of dental pain in 6- to 12-year-old Mexican schoolchildren. Methods: A case-control study included 379 patients that had a dental visit because of dental pain in the 12 months preceding this study and 1,137 controls. Mothers and/or guardians supplied sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and oral health-related information through a questionnaire. The profiles of unmet dental needs and of oral hygiene were ascertained by means of a standardized dental examination administered to participating children. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with logistic regression. Results: Higher unmet dental needs and lack of health insurance were associated with the experience of dental visits because of dental pain in the preceding 12 months. Boys who attended public schools had a 70% (95% CI = 1.29 to 2.23) higher probability of having had a dental visit in which dental pain was one of the main reasons for attendance, compared to boys attending private schools. The effect for girls was only 28% (95% CI = 1.10 to 1.50) higher for girls attending a public school, compared to girls attending private schools. Older children had a higher occurrence of dental visits because of dental pain than younger children. Conclusions: While higher unmet dental needs and lack of health insurance were strong predictors of having had dental visits because of dental pain in the preceding 12 months, some socioeconomic variables and sociodemographic variables modified these relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-286
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache
Volume24
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Dental caries
  • Dental pain
  • Mexico
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Treatment needs
  • Utilization of health services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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    Villalobos-Rodelo, J. J., Medina-Solís, C. E., Maupomé, G., Lamadrid-Figueroa, H., Casanova-Rosado, A. J., Casanova-Rosado, J. F., & Márquez-Corona, M. D. L. (2010). Dental needs and socioeconomic status associated with utilization of dental services in the presence of dental pain: A case-control study in children. Journal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache, 24(3), 279-286.