Depressive symptom clusters as predictors of incident coronary artery disease: A 15-year prospective study

Misty A W Hawkins, Christopher Callahan, Timothy E. Stump, Jesse C. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Because it is not known whether particular clusters of depressive symptoms are associated with a greater risk of adverse cardiac outcomes, we compared the utility of four clusters in predicting incident coronary artery disease (CAD) events during a 15-year period in a large cohort of primary care patients 60 years and older. Methods: Participants were 2537 primary care patients 60 years or older who were screened for depression between 1991 and 1993 and had no existing CAD diagnosis. Depressive symptoms cluster scores (depressed affect, somatic symptoms, interpersonal distress, and positive affect) were computed from responses on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale administered at baseline. CAD events, defined as the occurrence of a nonfatal acute myocardial infarction or CAD death during the follow-up period, were identified using electronic medical record and National Death Index data. Results: There were 678 CAD events. In separate fully adjusted Cox proportional hazard models (controlling for demographics and cardiovascular risk factors), the depressed affect (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04-1.20), somatic (HR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.08-1.26), and positive affect (HR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.82-0.95) clusters each predicted CAD events. When the depressive symptom clusters were entered simultaneously into the fully adjusted model, however, only the somatic cluster remained predictive of CAD events (HR = 1.13, 95% CI = 1.03-1.23). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the longitudinal relationship between overall depressive symptom severity and incident CAD events may be driven primarily by the somatic cluster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume76
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Coronary Artery Disease
Prospective Studies
Depression
Confidence Intervals
Primary Health Care
Predictors
Depressive Symptoms
Electronic Health Records
Proportional Hazards Models
Epidemiologic Studies
Myocardial Infarction
Demography
Hazard
Confidence Interval

Keywords

  • coronary artery disease
  • depression
  • depressive symptoms clusters
  • elderly
  • primary care
  • prospective study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Depressive symptom clusters as predictors of incident coronary artery disease : A 15-year prospective study. / Hawkins, Misty A W; Callahan, Christopher; Stump, Timothy E.; Stewart, Jesse C.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 76, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 38-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawkins, Misty A W ; Callahan, Christopher ; Stump, Timothy E. ; Stewart, Jesse C. / Depressive symptom clusters as predictors of incident coronary artery disease : A 15-year prospective study. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 76, No. 1. pp. 38-43.
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