Description of an Audio-Based Paced Respiration Intervention for Vasomotor Symptoms

Debra S. Burns, Michael R. Drews, Janet S. Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Millions of women experience menopause-related hot flashes or flushes that may have a negative effect on their quality of life. Hormone therapy is an effective treatment, however, it may be contraindicated or unacceptable for some women based on previous health complications or an undesirable risk–benefit ratio. Side effects and the unacceptability of hormone therapy have created a need for behavioral interventions to reduce hot flashes. A variety of complex, multimodal behavioral, relaxation-based interventions have been studied with women (n = 88) and showed generally favorable results. However, currently extensive resource commitments reduce the translation of these interventions into standard care. Slow, deep breathing is a common component in most interventions and may be the active ingredient leading to reduced hot flashes. This article describes the content of an audio-based program designed to teach paced breathing to reduce hot flashes. Intervention content was based on skills training theory and music entrainment. The audio intervention provides an efficient way to deliver a breathing intervention that may be beneficial to other clinical populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalMusic & Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013


  • entrainment
  • hot flashes
  • music medicine
  • paced respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Music

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