Design and physiology of arteries and veins | Anatomical Pathways and Patterns

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


A basic pattern is common to the circulation in all fish, including hagfish, elasmobranchs, and bony fish. The fish circulation is a simple loop in which blood, pumped by the heart, passes first through a short arterial system into the gills and then onto a second, more extensive arterial system that supplies the systemic tissues. While the respiratory and systemic circulations lie in series, arterial branching within the gill and systemic circulations create in-parallel vascular arrangements of capillary beds. A well-developed venous system then collects the blood and returns it back to the heart. This article identifies the major arteries and veins of a bony fish and serves as a general anatomical reference of fish vascular nomenclature. The more notable variations in hagfish and elasmobranchs are also described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Fish Physiology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780080923239
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011


  • Carotid artery
  • Celiacomesenteric artery
  • Coronary artery
  • Dorsal aorta
  • Ductus Cuvier
  • Fish arterial anatomy
  • Fish venous anatomy
  • Gastrointestinal circulation
  • Hepatic portal circulation
  • Segmental artery
  • Skeletal-muscle circulation
  • Ventral aorta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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