Design and physiology of arteries and veins | Physiology of Resistance Vessels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resistance vessels are typically small arteries and arterioles. These vessels are the greatest impediment to blood flow in the cardiovascular system because of their relatively narrow diameter and blood flowing through them experiences the largest drop in pressure. Resistance vessels have two primary functions. Individually, they regulate total flow through tissues and capillary flow patterns within tissues appropriate to tissue metabolism and function. Collectively, they regulate arterial blood pressure. Resistance vessels are under the influence of a variety of signaling molecules coming from both the surrounding tissue and remote locations that sense and control blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Fish Physiology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1104-1110
Number of pages7
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9780080923239
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Arterial resistance
  • Baroreceptors
  • Blood flow
  • Blood pressure
  • Vascular resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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