Development, implementation and evaluation of a unique African-American faith-based approach to increase automobile restraint use

Richard A. Falcone, Anita L. Brentley, Crystal D. Ricketts, Sheryl E. Allen, Victor F. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Despite generalized intervention programs, restraint use among African Americans remains below national levels, especially among children. This study describes the development and implementation of a community participatory faith-based youth injury prevention program. Methods: Through a partnership with the African-American faith-based community and our injury prevention group, a unique multigenerational intervention program was developed targeting motor vehicle restraint use. Once developed, the program was initially evaluated by comparing outcomes between control and intervention churches. The main objective was to observe adult and pediatric restraint use before and after program implementation. Results: Overall, there was excellent recognition and participation in the program. Following program implementation, significant improvements were observed in restraint use compared to control churches, in particular, there was a 72% reduction in unrestrained children, a 25% increase in children being secured in the rear-seat position and a nearly 20% increase in driver restraint use. Conclusions: The development and implementation of a culturally sensitive intervention program can significantly improve restraint use in a minority population. Partnering with the community in all phases of the program is essential to its success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1335-1341
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume98
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Child restraint
  • Health disparities
  • Injury prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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