Development of a highly sensitive and specific blastomycosis antibody enzyme immunoassay using blastomyces dermatitidis surface protein BAD-1

Sarah M. Richer, Melinda L. Smedema, Michelle M. Durkin, T. Tristan Brandhorst, Chadi A. Hage, Patricia A. Connolly, Diane S. Leland, Thomas E. Davis, Bruce S. Klein, L. Joseph Wheat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serologic tests for antibodies to Blastomyces dermatitidis are not thought to be useful for the diagnosis of blastomycosis, in part due to the low sensitivity of immunodiffusion and complement fixation. Earlier studies have shown that the enzyme immunoassay improves the sensitivity of antibody detection for the diagnosis of blastomycosis. Microplates coated with the B. dermatitidis surface protein BAD-1 were used for testing sera from patients with proven blastomycosis or histoplasmosis and controls. Semi-quantification was accomplished by using standards containing human anti-B. dermatitidis antibodies. The antibodies were detected in 87.8% of the patients with blastomycosis by the enzyme immunoassay compared to 15.0% by immunodiffusion. The specificities were 99.2% for patients with nonfungal infections and healthy subjects and 94.0% for patients with histoplasmosis. The results were highly reproducible on repeat testing. When combined with antigen testing, antibody testing improved the sensitivity from 87.8% to 97.6%. Enzyme immunoassay detection of antibodies against BAD-1 is highly specific, has greatly improved sensitivity over immunodiffusion, and may identify cases with negative results by antigen testing. This assay has the potential to aid in the diagnosis of blastomycosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-146
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Vaccine Immunology
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

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