Development of a specific radioimmunoassay for the placental folate receptor and related high-affinity folate binding proteins in human tissues

Asok C. Antony, Rama S. Verma, R. Steve Kincade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


High-affinity membrane-associated and soluble folate binding proteins (FBPs) from human placenta, milk, and KB cells appear to share antigenic determinants [A. C. Antony et al. (1981) J. Biol. Chem. 256, 9684-9692 and A. C. Antony et al. (1985) 260, 14911-14917]. Iodination of a highly purified preparation of placental folate receptor (PFR) by various techniques resulted in significant denaturation of the PFR as evidenced by additional peaks of radioactivity on Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration in 1% Triton X-100. These denatured species had similar molecular weights on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) as radioiodinated and native PFR, and were also recognized, albeit with less efficiency, by specific rabbit antiserum raised against purified PFR. Since these denatured species failed to bind folate, they were specifically excluded from 125I-PFR by their inability to bind pteroylglutamate-Sepharose. This was accomplished in a single step by iodination of PFR bound to the affinity column and elution of 125I-PFR under identical conditions that the native PFR was purified. The purified 125I-PFR comigrated with unlabeled PFR on SDS-PAGE and its elution profile on Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration was identical to radioligand bound PFR. The resulting radioimmunoassay standard curve using this affinity chromatography purified 125I-PFR, unlabeled PFR, and anti-human PFR serum had a range for measurement between 5 and 500 ng of PFR and was not affected by the concentration of folate in the sample. The practical utility of this radioimmunoassay for measuring cross-reacting material to the PFR was validated by its ability to quantitate the 40,000 and 160,000 Mr FBPs which are the two major forms of high-affinity FBPs in human tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-235
Number of pages12
JournalAnalytical biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1987



  • folate receptors
  • human
  • radioimmunoassay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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