Development of wagle health-specific religiousness scale

Ann M. Wagle, Victoria Champion, Kathleen M. Russell, Susan Rawl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

African American women have a lower rate of regular mammography screening, resulting in higher incidence of advanced-stage breast cancer at diagnosis and a lower 5-year survival rate as compared with white women. Researchers have demonstrated that several health beliefs relate to mammography screening in African American women, but little attention has been paid to the importance of religiousness. Although some authors have attempted to determine a link between religiousness and health, we lack a valid and reliable instrument to measure religiousness that can be found in the context of health behaviors. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and psychometric testing of the Wagle Health-Specific Religiousness (WHSR) scale, an instrument used to measure religious beliefs and the influence of those beliefs on mammography screening for African American women. A sample of 344 low-income African American women who were nonadherent to mammography at accrual participating in a randomized trial completed the WHSR. Data from this trial were used to determine the validity and reliability of the WHSR. The 19-item WHSR scale had a Cronbach α of. 94. Construct validity was supported via factor analysis and analysis of theoretical relationships. Although further testing is warranted, this analysis indicates that the concept of religiousness is an important component of mammography behavior in African American women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-425
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Nursing
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Fingerprint

Mammography
African Americans
Health
Health Behavior
Religion
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Statistical Factor Analysis
Survival Rate
Research Personnel
Breast Neoplasms
Incidence

Keywords

  • African American women
  • Health beliefs
  • Health-specific religiousness
  • Mammography screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

Cite this

Development of wagle health-specific religiousness scale. / Wagle, Ann M.; Champion, Victoria; Russell, Kathleen M.; Rawl, Susan.

In: Cancer Nursing, Vol. 32, No. 5, 09.2009, p. 418-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wagle, Ann M. ; Champion, Victoria ; Russell, Kathleen M. ; Rawl, Susan. / Development of wagle health-specific religiousness scale. In: Cancer Nursing. 2009 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 418-425.
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