Development, validation, and comparison of four methods to simultaneously quantify l-arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry

Xianyin Lai, Jeffrey Kline, Mu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To understand the role of l-arginine depletion in impaired nitric oxide synthesis in disease, it is important to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in the plasma. Because the three amino acids are endogenous analytes, true blank matrix for them is not available. It is necessary and valuable to compare the performance of different approaches due to lack of regulatory clarity for validation. A two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent was developed in this study is used for sample preparation. Because true blank matrix for endogenous analytes is not available, water as blank matrix, 1% BSA in PBS as blank matrix, surrogate analyte, and background subtraction were designed to establish successful quantification methods. Four methods to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry were developed, validated, and compared. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent in this study needs less time and provides higher recovery comparing with other approaches. Three of the four methods, water as blank matrix, 1% BSA in PBS as blank matrix, and surrogate analyte, have been successful in fulfilling all the criteria, while background subtraction has failed. Results of the measured concentrations in 97 human plasma samples using the three methods show that the difference between any two methods or among the three methods presents 100% of samples with less than 20% for all the three amino acids and majority of them are under 10%. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent is simple and convenient. Three of the four methods are fully validated and the validation is successful. The BSA functioned effectively as a blank matrix for these three amino acids, considering cost, data quality, matrix similarity, and practicality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume1005
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2015

Fingerprint

Plasma (human)
Citrulline
Ornithine
Liquid chromatography
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Liquid Chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Methanol
Arginine
Amino Acids
Proteins
Water
Nitric Oxide
Plasmas
Recovery
Costs

Keywords

  • Arginine
  • Citrulline
  • HILIC-MS/MS
  • Ornithine
  • Plasma
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{c49e378b6b034026a5bc0e683591f71c,
title = "Development, validation, and comparison of four methods to simultaneously quantify l-arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry",
abstract = "To understand the role of l-arginine depletion in impaired nitric oxide synthesis in disease, it is important to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in the plasma. Because the three amino acids are endogenous analytes, true blank matrix for them is not available. It is necessary and valuable to compare the performance of different approaches due to lack of regulatory clarity for validation. A two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent was developed in this study is used for sample preparation. Because true blank matrix for endogenous analytes is not available, water as blank matrix, 1{\%} BSA in PBS as blank matrix, surrogate analyte, and background subtraction were designed to establish successful quantification methods. Four methods to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry were developed, validated, and compared. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent in this study needs less time and provides higher recovery comparing with other approaches. Three of the four methods, water as blank matrix, 1{\%} BSA in PBS as blank matrix, and surrogate analyte, have been successful in fulfilling all the criteria, while background subtraction has failed. Results of the measured concentrations in 97 human plasma samples using the three methods show that the difference between any two methods or among the three methods presents 100{\%} of samples with less than 20{\%} for all the three amino acids and majority of them are under 10{\%}. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent is simple and convenient. Three of the four methods are fully validated and the validation is successful. The BSA functioned effectively as a blank matrix for these three amino acids, considering cost, data quality, matrix similarity, and practicality.",
keywords = "Arginine, Citrulline, HILIC-MS/MS, Ornithine, Plasma, Validation",
author = "Xianyin Lai and Jeffrey Kline and Mu Wang",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jchromb.2015.10.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1005",
pages = "47--55",
journal = "Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Development, validation, and comparison of four methods to simultaneously quantify l-arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry

AU - Lai, Xianyin

AU - Kline, Jeffrey

AU - Wang, Mu

PY - 2015/11/15

Y1 - 2015/11/15

N2 - To understand the role of l-arginine depletion in impaired nitric oxide synthesis in disease, it is important to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in the plasma. Because the three amino acids are endogenous analytes, true blank matrix for them is not available. It is necessary and valuable to compare the performance of different approaches due to lack of regulatory clarity for validation. A two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent was developed in this study is used for sample preparation. Because true blank matrix for endogenous analytes is not available, water as blank matrix, 1% BSA in PBS as blank matrix, surrogate analyte, and background subtraction were designed to establish successful quantification methods. Four methods to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry were developed, validated, and compared. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent in this study needs less time and provides higher recovery comparing with other approaches. Three of the four methods, water as blank matrix, 1% BSA in PBS as blank matrix, and surrogate analyte, have been successful in fulfilling all the criteria, while background subtraction has failed. Results of the measured concentrations in 97 human plasma samples using the three methods show that the difference between any two methods or among the three methods presents 100% of samples with less than 20% for all the three amino acids and majority of them are under 10%. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent is simple and convenient. Three of the four methods are fully validated and the validation is successful. The BSA functioned effectively as a blank matrix for these three amino acids, considering cost, data quality, matrix similarity, and practicality.

AB - To understand the role of l-arginine depletion in impaired nitric oxide synthesis in disease, it is important to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in the plasma. Because the three amino acids are endogenous analytes, true blank matrix for them is not available. It is necessary and valuable to compare the performance of different approaches due to lack of regulatory clarity for validation. A two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent was developed in this study is used for sample preparation. Because true blank matrix for endogenous analytes is not available, water as blank matrix, 1% BSA in PBS as blank matrix, surrogate analyte, and background subtraction were designed to establish successful quantification methods. Four methods to simultaneously quantify arginine, citrulline, and ornithine in human plasma using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and electrospray tandem mass spectrometry were developed, validated, and compared. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent in this study needs less time and provides higher recovery comparing with other approaches. Three of the four methods, water as blank matrix, 1% BSA in PBS as blank matrix, and surrogate analyte, have been successful in fulfilling all the criteria, while background subtraction has failed. Results of the measured concentrations in 97 human plasma samples using the three methods show that the difference between any two methods or among the three methods presents 100% of samples with less than 20% for all the three amino acids and majority of them are under 10%. The developed two-step sample preparation method using methanol as protein precipitation reagent is simple and convenient. Three of the four methods are fully validated and the validation is successful. The BSA functioned effectively as a blank matrix for these three amino acids, considering cost, data quality, matrix similarity, and practicality.

KW - Arginine

KW - Citrulline

KW - HILIC-MS/MS

KW - Ornithine

KW - Plasma

KW - Validation

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DO - 10.1016/j.jchromb.2015.10.001

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VL - 1005

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JO - Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences

JF - Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences

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