Diabetes Alters Diurnal Rhythm of Electroretinogram in db/db Mice

Rong Di, Qianyi Luo, Deepa Mathew, Ashay Bhatwadekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common complications of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness in the United States. The retinal neuronal changes precede the vascular dysfunction observed in DR. The electroretinogram (ERG) determines the electrical activity of retinal neural and non-neuronal cells. The retinal ERG amplitude is reduced gradually on the progression of DR to a more severe form. Circadian rhythms play an important role in the physiological function of the body. While ERG is known to exhibit a diurnal rhythm, it is not known whether a progressive increase in the duration of diabetes affects the physiological rhythm of retinal ERG. To study this, we determined the ERG rhythm of db/db mice, an animal model of type 2 diabetes at 2, 4, and 6 months of diabetes under a regular light-dark cycle and constant dark. Our studies demonstrate that the diurnal rhythm of ERG amplitude for retinal a-wave and b-wave was altered in diabetes. The implicit time was increased in db/db mice while the oscillatory potential was reduced. Moreover, there was a progressive decline in an intrinsic rhythm of ERG upon an increase in the duration of diabetes. In conclusion, our studies provide novel insights into the pathogenic mechanism of DR by showing an altered circadian rhythm of the ERG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-167
Number of pages13
JournalThe Yale journal of biology and medicine
Volume92
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • diurnal rhythm
  • electroretinogram
  • type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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