Diabetes mellitus and oxidative stress

Dennis Joseph, Inder M. Singh, Anjan K. Sinha, Jawahar L. Mehta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia due to an insufficiency of endogenous insulin secretion or decreased receptor sensitivity to endogenous insulin. In most cases, it is a combination of these defects that leads to the clinical syndrome of diabetes. It has been conservatively estimated by the World Health Organization that worldwide over 300 million people will be affected by diabetes by the year 2030. It is likely the numbers will be far greater. The clinical manifestations of diabetes are as varied as they are debilitating. They can extend from ophthalmological or dermatological manifestations to malignant cardiovascular disease. There continues to be intense research aimed at understanding the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications. Central to this effort is the understanding of the complex interplay between diabetes and oxidative stress. The goal of this chapter is to summarize the current database on the role of oxidative stress in cardiovascular manifestations of diabetes. We will also discuss some of the existing and novel therapies that target oxidative pathways with regard to diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOxidative Stress
Subtitle of host publicationA Focus on Cardiovascular Disease Pathogenesis
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages199-218
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9781621002604
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Joseph, D., Singh, I. M., Sinha, A. K., & Mehta, J. L. (2011). Diabetes mellitus and oxidative stress. In Oxidative Stress: A Focus on Cardiovascular Disease Pathogenesis (pp. 199-218). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..