We investigated the usefulness of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to differentiate between 11 chromophobe renal carcinomas and 12 renal oncocytomas, showing different clinical outcomes, when compared with conventional metaphase cytogenetics by karyotyping. Karyotypically, 3 chromophobe renal cell carcinomas showed losses of chromosomes, 3 were polyploid, 1 was normal, and 4 failed to grow. Of 12 oncocytomas, 5 showed a normal numeric karyotype and 6 additional structural rearrangements. FISH on chromophobe renal cell carcinomas showed a high percentage of cases (10/11 [91%]) with multiple numeric losses among chromosomes 1, 2, 6, 10, and 17; this interphase pattern was observed irrespective of the 3 different metaphase karyotypes. Of 12 oncocytomas, 11 (92%) revealed a normal numeric chromosomal status showing at least 2 chromosomes without aneusomy by interphase FISH. The study demonstrates that indeed FISH performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue can provide clinically useful information more reliably than karyotyping of most of these tumors.
- Chromophobe renal carcinoma
- Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization
- Metaphase karyotyping
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine